2 Answers

  1. Possible and maturing with the development of science:

    1) evolutionary biology. A good example is the article by Alexander Markov polit.ru this is a strictly scientific justification of the genetic foundations of ethics.

    2) brain structure, vulnerability and obsolescence of the pleasure mechanism: “Rats in Skinner's crates with metal electrodes implanted in the nucleus accumbens repeatedly pressed the lever that activated the [pleasure center], then forgot to eat or drink, and eventually died of exhaustion.” wikipedia.org

    3) understanding the mechanisms of cultural evolution. In particular, the striking similarity of the genetics of multicellular and religious commandments:

    1. “may you have no other gods” ~ shared genome of all body cells

    2. “don't serve other idols” ~ immunity

    3. “observe the Sabbath day” (i.e. spend 15% of your time spreading culture) ~ the breeding instinct

    4. “honor your father and mother” ~ meiosis

    4) the inability to develop children who are separated from the language and culture at an early age wikipedia.org

    5) development of game theory and cybernetics, for example, in terms of free will, you can see the philosopher's answer and my analysis to this question: thequestion.ru

    6) rethinking the role of cooperation in nature: symbiosis is literally everywhere-from mitochondria and chloroplasts to the intestinal microflora (modern data are described fascinatingly, for example, in the book “The Birth of Complexity” elementy.ru)

    Breakthrough topics of philosophy from this can be, for example, the following::

    • the evolution of people overcame their instincts and reached the cultural level (oral, then written), and it was due to this that it accelerated a thousandfold.

    • there are two evolutionary strategies (including intraspecific and cultural ones): egoism/predation and symbiosis/cooperation wikipedia.org

    • language and faith / morality are necessary stages of cultural evolution.

    • the purpose of a person (a selfish “meme” by analogy with a gene) is to spread and develop the cultural and human potential of society. This again corresponds to religious precepts, but also predicts fierce competition between cultures and provides a lot of evolutionary analogs for studying their viability.


    If philosophy does not want to accept this challenge, it can really completely fall behind and remain at the level of “thoughts of wonderful people”.

  2. Philosophy is not a science. Some near-philosophical things can be scientific. For example, positivism is near-philosophical, near-scientific crap. But in philosophy, the joke is that Plato is relevant both then and now. And we can not say that we have left it and it is already outdated.

    There is no progressive progress in philosophy. Just like in the literature.

    Homer's Odyssey is as beautiful then as it is now. That's the fun of art.

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