1. margarita_the_first says:

The first answer, unfortunately, is not correct.
Induction – following from the particular to the general. All details aside, here's my clumsy example of induction:
the murderer was wearing a green scarf;
the gardener is wearing a green scarf;
the gardener is a murderer, and this is a proven (non-scarf) fact
, so all people wearing green scarves are murderers.
Do you feel generalised?
I wanted to say that in induction, the condition is always true for the first step, then it is shown that it is true for 1+1 step, and then it is shown that it is true for any k-th step in general and for k+1 more. That's where following from the particular to the general comes in.
Deduction, on the other hand, is a logical inference when following from the indisputable general to the current particular. If it is true that all murderers wear a scarf, and the gardener wears a scarf, then the gardener is a murderer.
Mr. Holmes, on the other hand, used the method of abduction: if it is true that all murderers wear a scarf, and the gardener is a murderer, then the gardener wears a scarf.
Complete my answer, if necessary, please, those who know how to express their thoughts better: z

2. sofya_s says:

Sherlock Holmes is famous for being able to notice small details and reconstruct the overall picture from them. This transition from the particular to the general is called induction.
So this is the Sherlock Holmes induction method.