2 Answers

  1. Hm. Of course, the following two examples are not democracies in the full sense of the word (based on the current view of it), but nevertheless:

    1) Rzeczpospolita – a federation of Poland and Lithuania. Legislative power belonged to the Sejm; Judicial powers partially belonged to the Sejm; Issues of war and peace were also decided by the Sejm. The main problem of this class-representative body was the principle of “Liberum veto”, according to which” Unanimity ” was required when making decisions; in practice, this meant that one (1) deputy was enough to block the work of this body. This principle, taking into account the increased money – loving nature of the deputies at that time, opened up unlimited opportunities for influencing the work of the Seimas, including for neighboring states. In the end, the liberum veto was one of the reasons for the three divisions of the Polish-Lithuanian State.

    2) The Novgorod Republic. Which was conquered by the Grand Duchy of Moscow. At the same time, it should be understood that in the Battle of Shelon, which determined the course of the war of 1471, the Novgorodians had a significant numerical advantage over the troops of the Prince of Moscow – but they were still defeated.This suggests that the principle of formation of the Novgorod militia is completely inadequate to the conditions of the 15th century in Eastern Europe.

  2. A classic (in every sense of the word) example is the change of republican rule in ancient Rome to imperial rule under Julius Caesar and Octavian Augustus.

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