Are there any Slavic philosophers who have contributed to philosophy? By Philosophy Posted on 2022-06-11 Category : Other If so, can you name the most famous ones?
I studied Slavic philosophy for almost five years and during this time I realized that, oddly enough, there really is a certain separation of Slavic philosophical thought from the rest of European thought. And one of the features of Slavic philosophy is that it cannot be defined according to the criteria of the rest (we will say “Western European”) philosophy. Just as it would be incorrect to do this, for example, with Arabic or Far Eastern philosophy.
As a rule, we know those Slavic philosophers who continued any Western European tradition: for example, the HegelianHerzen or the phenomenologistTreacle. However, such characters are just the least interesting – they are just followers of the Western philosophical school, and, as a rule, rather local popularizers.
Slavic philosophy can address the same problems as Western European philosophy, but it can solve them differently. And in this sense, it is precisely those Slavic thinkers who did not follow any Western tradition that are interesting. My favorite is here – Piotr Helcicki is a Czech religious and social philosopher. To some extent, Khelchitsky was still influenced by the Englishman Wicklef, but it was still an influence, and not a follow-up. Khelchitsky had very interesting and bold views on religion and the state for his time, and it is believed that he influenced the formation of viewsLeo Tolstoy is another prominent representative of Slavic philosophy.
You can list many names of Slavic thinkers, most of whom, most likely, will not tell you anything, because they did not formally contribute to Western European philosophy and did not meet its standards. Given the westernocentrism of modern (last two thousand years) philosophy, this is not surprising.
If you are interested in the topic of Slavic philosophy, then here are a few names.
Jan Komensky, Tomas Garrig Masaryk, Tomas Steitny, Jan Hus, (Czech Republic and Slovakia);Wojciech ih Brudzewa, Nicolaus Copernicus, Karol Liebelt, and Alfred Tarski (Poland). Well, don't forget about the very popular Slovenian philosopherSlavoj Zizek.
I will not list Russian philosophers here, you probably already know them.
Despite the stupidity of many Russian citizens, we have a collective philosophy-wisdom.It is in sayings,proverbs, songs, fairy tales, poems of poets and in novels of writers! We are strong with our philosophy ,our History. There is every reason to consider our people and country the oldest in the world.
Unfortunately, there are no Slavic philosophers known to the world, such as in Greece or Ancient Rome.
But we can see the results of their reflections in signs, fairy tales, folk wisdom, sayings.
Philosophy is an invention of the Germans, science is built on it, by the way, also an invention of the Germans. And the Slavs had Sofia, i.e. not the love of wisdom, but wisdom itself. And the Slavs had science, but it was not divided into religion and science, science was one with faith, medicine, education, and so on. And while getting knowledge, a person simultaneously studied everything that he needed. In German science, everything is divided and this division has affected the whole life of people.
What you mean by the word philosophy is still a product of Western culture. And Slavic, or rather East Slavic philosophy, certainly exists, but it has never been taken into account by anyone and has not even been considered as a science. And now there is a whole army of deniers of its existence. Therefore, the question can only be answered by the Lord God himself, but unfortunately it does not exist.
Our philosophers are immensely numerous,starting with Faina Ranevskaya, so they are not taken into account when calculating outstanding thinkers,they have no place to put their own.
The most prominent Slavic philosopher of the late 20th and early 21st centuries was Vyacheslav Semyonovich Stepin. He became famous as a professor at the Belarusian State University in the 70s. Top of his career – Director of the Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. I recommend reading the final work – “Civilization and Culture”.