Can post-impressionism, expressionism, pointillism be attributed to Impressionism ?
And also please advise sources where currents and styles are well painted) . Since, for example, Edvard Munch lived in the era of impressionism and had works in this current, but he is considered the founder of expressionism . And his "Scream" is purely expressionist. But can all these trends be attributed to the branch of Impressionism?
In short: no.
In more detail, let's take a look.
Impressionism is an influential, turning point in the art of the last third of the XIX and early XX centuries, one of the largest at that time. Its tasks: to capture the real world in its mobility and variability naturally and vividly, to convey your fleeting impressions, the momentary state of nature, to display space in time in a picture. Personalities from the history of art:
Post-impressionism is a broad term that encompasses several very different artistic trends. This is a conditional designation for the totality of the main trends in European painting; a term adopted in art studies to denote the main line of development of French art at the end of the XIX century. The first post-Impressionists (unlike their predecessors) sought to capture lasting, essential states of life, both material and spiritual. Personalities from the history of art:
Expressionism is a current in European art of the modernist era, which was most developed in the first decades of the XX century, mainly in Germany and Austria, as a painful reaction to the events of the beginning of the century (the First World War, revolutionary movements). Expressionism tends not so much to reproduce reality as to express the emotional state of the author. Personalities from the history of art:
Pointillism(aka divisionism) – both the direction and technique of painting. As a direction in painting, it is a “part” of neo – Impressionism. It originated in France around 1885. It is based on the style of writing with separate strokes of regular (dotted or rectangular) shape. It is characterized by the rejection of physical mixing of colors for the sake of optical effect. Personalities from the history of art:
Thus, chronologically: Impressionism is a current in art. Post-impressionism is a collection of trends and artists working in various styles. Pointillism is a technique and trend in neo-Impressionist painting. Expressionism is a current that emerged after Impressionism “from” post-Impressionism.