3 Answers

  1. Unfortunately or fortunately, the past cannot be changed and cannot be influenced. But the art of the present time has the most decisive influence on the perception of the art of the past. As you know, the perception of works of art usually goes through three stages. First stage:” This is complete nonsense, ” critics say. The second stage: “There is something in it.” Finally, the third: “It's a well-known truth.”

    It is armed with a knowledge of art history and an understanding of modern art that we understand that the medieval artists Bosch and Archimboldo anticipated the emergence of surrealism in their paintings, and we can enjoy the brilliant canvases of the Impressionists, the energy of Van Gogh's brushstrokes, the expressive figures of Modigliani, etc. – masters whose works were “complete nonsense”for contemporaries. In music from today, we can fully understand and appreciate the atonal experiments of Berg, Webern, Schoenberg, and Ives ' sound experiments. In literature, we understand that Velimir Khlebnikov with his poetic sound recording was just fifty years ahead of his time. To those around him, he was either an oddball or a madman. The other side of the coin is that many creators who are fashionable, successful and recognized by their contemporaries, as it turned out, created works that have no value. Just look at the paintings of French academicians – the very ones who did not allow Impressionist paintings to enter exhibitions-God, how lifeless and boring everything is on these canvases. Try reading Boborykin, the most fashionable Russian writer of the late 19th century. His books were many times more widely distributed than Tolstoy's and Dostoevsky's novels. If you find his book – you can't read it-it's boring. And no one remembers his last name. Maybe only specialists. So what happened? Why were our contemporaries thrilled, but we weren't? Because the literature of the present time has changed our perception of the past. And this applies to all types of art.
    We should not forget about the three stages of perception of art when visiting exhibitions and concerts of masters-our contemporaries. If you look at modern paintings or listen to the premiere of a symphony by a young author and say to yourself: “This is complete nonsense” and only sometimes: “There is something in it” – this does not mean at all that in 50, 100, or maybe 200 years this work will not be considered a masterpiece and it will be “a well-known truth”.
    And of course, only knowledge and understanding of the art of the past years, the ability to think outside the box and a sincere desire to understand the artist's idea can help you see a true masterpiece that was ahead of its time.

  2. The art of the past itself does not change, but a person always perceives art through the prism of a cultural paradigm – that is, simply put, he compares ancient art with the idea of beauty that he has formed at the moment.

    Let's look at a simple example: the art of the Middle Ages was perceived as a harmonious and only correct art until the beginning of the Renaissance, but when art changed towards realism, it began to be perceived as” naive “or”childish”. And such processes occur continuously.

    With the art of the future, the situation is similar: for example, now performances and other “cutting edge” art, something that is almost from the future, in the minds of most people look wild and “not like art” because it does not look like the prevailing realistic art.

  3. The art of the past is unlikely, but the art of the future will be greatly influenced by the present. Even art schools study the history of fine arts. It develops your horizons. Studying pictures of the past, you get into the artist's artistic world, you start to think about why this or that work was created. And so you learn from the artists of the past years. They're like dumb teachers. With their silent art, they teach us to look at the world around us through their own eyes, with a new look. They develop our thinking. And inspired by the best works of the past, you can create a new masterpiece that will tell the future generation about the feelings that tormented us in our time. The art of the past is a book of memory, in its own way.

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