5 Answers

  1. Babies don't think in the usual way. At birth, the baby's brain does not have a clear boundary between white and gray matter (and gray, for a moment, is responsible for speech,emotions,and memory), but there is an active differentiation of cells that lasts up to three years. And the cerebral cortex begins to look like an adult only by the age of eight! In other words, after birth, the baby's brain still continues to”mature”. This explains their gradual development of primitive motor functions (smiling, walking, head support, crawling, etc.).

    Py. sy. There are some fanatical moms who, right from the birth of a child, put the alphabet, classical music to him, they say, so the child will become smarter. No, it won't. After three years, when cell differentiation is more or less complete, you can already enroll in English, and for the Nobel Prize, any whim, so to speak.

  2. To all of the above, I want to add that the consciousness of an infant and an adult is very different. When you and I hear a voice-over in our head when we think about something, we are talking about selective, contextually filtered information that becomes dominant for a relatively long time. But in children, the preoccupation of consciousness with one or another process, apparently, depends not on the relevance of information, but on its intensity or novelty. The infant brain really literally “absorbs” information in huge volumes, but it is just learning to interpret it� (I recommend reading about the amazing learning abilities of children from T. V. Chernigovskaya, or listening to her lectures). Individual experience is necessary for our habitual thinking, and the infant accumulates it and fixes it with available means. What looks like naivety and curiosity from the outside, what seems like a primitive game or ridiculous meaningless gibberish – in fact, is a manifestation of very important and, frankly, amazing properties of the brain.

  3. Well, in general, we don't think in words, but in images. Not always. If we try, for example, to prepare for an exam, learn a foreign language, compose a speech, then we think in words. Think for yourself, the “same voice” that voices your thoughts doesn't always sound in your head (maybe it's yours, maybe someone else's). We imagine a picture, imagine how other characters speak. For a baby, these are the words of his mother or father, these are his own sounds that he makes, because for him they have meaning. It's his own language. The baby, just like us now, sees pictures and images in his head, and not a running line.

  4. Naturally, infants do not know the words of an adult language. But they have a language, which means that there is also a correspondence between the “plan of content” and the “plan of expression”. So they use their own signs to indicate all the information available to them.

    Since associative-intuitive processing of information prevails in infants, the signs of their language are complex in nature with a predominance of paralinguistic means. Logic and discrete thinking develop gradually, and after them, the symbols of the language are gradually improved. First, individual cries are differentiated, then separate phonemes appear, and only then – their combinations like the well-known “agu”.

    An important stage in the development of thinking is to compare the words spoken by adults with the situations in which they are pronounced. This provides not only passive perception of verbal speech, but also forms correspondences that will later provide active mastery of words. Therefore, it is very important not to tweet with babies in their language, but to show them the correct speech from the very beginning.

  5. As such, in the understanding of an adult, infants do not have any mental activity. But they perfectly perceive (I want to say – absorb) information from the surrounding world and react to it emotionally. They have a well-developed emotional memory and an active process of learning about the world. If you sometimes think that your baby is “thinking”, most likely he is just focused on the sensations and completely immersed in them. Signs of “thinking” as such, with the help of words and concepts, begins to form starting from the age of three. But even before this age, the child is able to produce quite logical phrases and reactions. This is the result of maximizing the use of emotional memory + skills of mastering reality. It is not necessary to attach serious importance to them, since in an hour the baby can tell you something completely different.

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