One Answer

  1. In short, almost everyone.

    Utilitarianism is a philosophical doctrine that is almost entirely confined to the field of ethics and consists in the fact that the criterion for the correctness of an action is an assessment of its consequences and nothing else: a good action is an action that has good consequences. Hence another designation for utilitarianism-consequtionalism (English consequence, consequence). Then there is the additional question of how we will assess whether the consequences are good; classical utilitarianism deals with this question in accordance with whether an action results in an increase in the overall share of pleasure/happiness in society or not. Classics of utitlitarim-Bentham, Mill; of modern authors, Singer is probably the most influential.

    Pragmatism is a teaching of a completely different kind and primarily concerned with completely different problems. To begin with, pragmatism claims to be much more universal, far from being limited to ethics. Further, pragmatism is based on epistemological problems, namely, the problem of the criterion of truth: while they do not agree with the correspondence theory, they defend the pragmatic criterion, briefly (and very inaccurately) saying that in order to evaluate the truth of a statement, we must translate it into a pragmatic plane, that is, we must use it in a pragmatic way. see what will change in our practice if we decide that it is true/false. The doctrine of pragmatism is much more difficult to put in a nutshell, given that its fathers have different approaches to it, and Peirce's ” pragmatism “is very different from James's” pragmatism ” and from Dewey's philosophy.�

    Be that as it may, utilitarianism and pragmatism are two historically unrelated philosophies developed by different figures, at different times and to solve different problems. Perhaps there are figures who, while being utilitarians in the ethical sphere, were also supporters of pragmatism in methodological terms, but I do not think of such figures.

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