2 Answers

  1. The basis of personality is character, which is determined by heredity (to a greater extent) and under the influence of external factors (social environment, upbringing).

    There are several types of premorbid personality type, which under the influence of long-term traumatic factors or even organic pathology of the brain can transform into a certain personality disorder.

    People with a schizoid personality type are characterized by isolation, which is combined with external coldness and restraint. These people are not capable of experiencing others. There is also a lack of intuition in terms of interpersonal relationships. These people usually live in the inner world.

    In the presence of predisposing factors, these personality traits are aggravated: people with schizotypal personality disorder are characterized (in addition to the above signs) by gratuitous outbursts of anger, fits of rage, mood lability, obsessive thoughts and ideas, and stereotypical thinking.

  2. According to modern psychiatry, the main manifestations of schizotypal personality disorder are non-standard (extraordinary) behavior and at the same time stereotypical thinking. It is believed that this disorder is characterized by prevailing introspection. It follows that introversion, weak social connections, lack of a large number of trusting relationships are the companions of this disorder.
    Also, signs of schizotypal personality disorder, previously called latent, sanatorium, mild and other schizophrenia, are emotional coldness and belief in the supernatural, which, by the way, is why this disorder was called occult schizophrenia.
    This disorder is easily confused with neurosis, depression, paranoia. And, in principle, diagnosis in psychiatry is a thankless task, since there are no clear boundaries. Under the description of signs of diseases and abnormalities, most people can be summed up to one degree or another. Does this mean that the concept of norm is based on the state and behavior of a primitive representative of our species? Scientists decide. We, ignoramuses and self-taught people, can only wait for the opinion of reputable experts.
    Regarding the first part of the question, please note that at the moment I am not aware of an evidence-based (scientifically based) base of hypotheses about the nature of the occurrence of any mental disorder, as well as cases of successful treatment without relapses in this field of medicine.
    But there is one interesting version. Its essence is that about eighty percent of the probability of manifestation of any mental disorder is heredity, twelve – the social environment and only eight-family relations and upbringing.
    Only a lot of lifestyle factors are not taken into account.

    If you are very interested in this topic, read Ronald Lang, Samokhvalov, Kretchmer.

Leave a Reply