How to correctly interpret a judgment about a person's mind?
"A fool thinks that he is clever; a clever man knows that he is stupid" – this or something like this phrase I have already met several times in the books of E. Fromm and in other literature, and I had a logical question.Let's say I say I know I'm stupid. But when I say I'm stupid, I mean I know I'm smart, and if I know I'm smart, then I'm stupid. And it would be fine if the judgment here looped further (I am stupid, which means I am smart, which means I am stupid, etc.), but this does not happen, because in order to be called stupid, I must be smart, but the statement about my stupidity comes out as if from outside, that is, I no longer control it with my judgment.So questions arise:In any case further reasoning I will have to come to the conclusion that I am stupid? Or does the phrase imply no further reasoning? Am I misinterpreting this judgment?
Constantine already gave a fairly good answer, but I'll add the classic formula from Socrates: I know that I don't know anything – this is the pinnacle of human wisdom. An intelligent person knows that his knowledge is limited; a fool is sure that he knows everything about everything.
The link came to me as an expert, but I'm not a philosopher. I will try to answer as a practical psychologist.
You build your reasoning within the framework of formal logic, its axioms and laws.
And the initial premises and statements themselves lie outside of formal logic, in which A cannot be both A and not A. The psyche is not described by formal logic. Since formal logic describes linear cause-and-effect relationships, and the psyche, a person's relationships with himself and other people are systemic in nature. They are BASED on contradictions, it is simply something on which and for dealing with what the psyche arises as such.
SCIENCE provides a precise, simple answer to this question – everyone is partly smart and partly stupid – this can be expressed as a percentage like this
Smart % + Stupid % = 100%
A very clever SOCRATES honestly called himself stupid-comparing his scanty knowledge with the full possible knowledge.