3 Answers

  1. If we take the economic part of the “program” of communism and “Capital” as a guide to action, then I single out: the abolition of private property, its socialization, and a planned economy.�

    The opposite of�of this I see the doctrine as “Laissez-faire”. Its adherents, on the contrary, put private property at the heart of Society, and urged the state not to interfere in the economic activities of agents (individuals and legal entities).�

    Marxism was embodied in the countries of the Socialist camp, and the ideas of the Austrian school were carried out in the United Kingdom and the United States during the times of Thatcher and Reagan.

  2. The complete opposite of Marxism as a holistic view of the world, and at the time you mentioned, is Nietzscheanism, and it was also quite popular. In one way or another, several political ideologies were associated with it, which also opposed themselves to Marxism, although in different ways. This is primarily Nazism and libertarianism. From my point of view, since the main thing for Marxism is the socialization of property, its main opposite is economic personalism, which is expressed in various versions of libertarianism and the liberal-individualist tradition in general, which was formed in the 17th and 18th centuries and dominated the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries.

  3. Before Marx, during Marx, and after Marx, the entire civilized world lived, lives, and develops according to A. Smith. �Its idea is simple:
    It is not from the benevolence of the butcher, the brewer, or the baker that we expect to receive our dinner, but from their consideration of their own interests.

    Alexander Pushkin
    Evgeny Onegin
    Chapter One
    Stanza VII

    Having no high passion
    For the sounds of life do not spare,
    He could not Iambic from chorea,
    No matter how hard we fight, we can tell the difference.
    Scolded Homer, Theocritus;
    But I read Adam Smith,
    And there was a deep economy,
    That is, he was able to judge whether
    How the state gets richer,
    And what lives, and why
    He doesn't need gold,
    When a simple product has.
    My father couldn't understand him
    And he gave the land as collateral.

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