11 Answers

  1. on computer models of neural networks, it turns out that if a pure signal without noise is applied to the input, then the solution and output are deterministic, but in the case of input signal + noise to the output, on average, it is deterministic but each time it is random. In addition, the output is not time-deterministic in the case of continuous pre-training of the neural network with new data with noise or with new information. That is, in borderline blurry cases, freedom of choice is preserved (if we adhere to the Copenhagen interpretation of randomness)

    From the point of view of neuroscience, our decisions are the result of various physical and chemical processes. Which are a consequence of the physical laws of nature, which are based on quantum mechanics. Fundamentally nondeterministic.

  2. Neuroscience is not the main subject on the topic of “optimal decision-making mechanism”.

    Scientific luminaries claim that the main role here is played by intuition, the subconscious mind, communication with Nature, and system information analysis.

    A gross mistake is ignoring your intuition-this often leads to erroneous decisions made.

  3. I don't know about neuroscience. But philosophy does. that the same things happen in everyone's life. And the freedom of choice? It is there, but a person does not know what he wants, because the world is not predictable.

  4. Free will was invented by Christian theologians.


    Accordingly, no neuroscience is needed to “exclude” it. It is enough to give a definition and test it right in your mind.

    I'm not saying that it's easy, or that there is no freedom at all. Leo Tolstoy, as you may have heard, devoted an entire novel to this question. Try to refute it.

  5. Yes, free will can be ruled out. But you can include a priority scheme in the selection: stability for some, freedom for others, and so on. Priorities are based on the needs of the individual, and quite low and aimed at preserving the genome. Keep this in mind when you plan to start a family and have offspring – that's what your consciousness is for in this world.

  6. There is such a technique: you formulate a deliberately false statement that looks similar to the true statement that you want to refute. After that, you successfully refute the obviously false statement, and at the same time the true one.

    Our decisions are determined by nerve impulses in the brain. Good. And does anyone argue that we make decisions in the brain? How does the fact that a person has a brain and impulses in it negate free will?

    What determines the occurrence of impulses in the brain? Will is not a random choice, it is freedom of choice. How does the presence of neural impulses negate freedom of choice?

    The organic brain is not the only decision-making center, a person still has self-consciousness (soul), which is not recorded by devices, it is the presence of self-consciousness that provides a person with free will.

    But the control of the will is not carried out by a simple conscious effort, the role of consciousness in general is greatly exaggerated, but by a change in the mind, a change in habits, a change in the way of thinking.

    Free will is the freedom to slowly but surely get rid of your passions and thoughts.

  7. If you are talking about the experience “with a button” from which it was concluded that, roughly speaking, the brain is an actor, and consciousness (personality) is a spectator, then the conclusion is somewhat hasty, because only simple solutions that do not require conscious effort were considered(in general, only lazy people did not kick such experiments, which by the way does not prevent some scientists from declaring with full confidence that there is no free will . Scientists have so far failed to build a “bridge” from simple solutions to complex social interactions . �Most psychologists (incl. and Kahneman) believe that there is still room for free will ,and there is even some neurophysiological evidence that supports such claims ,but so far we know too little to say for sure …

  8. In fact, it is.

    Determinism, as a philosophical trend(in its expanded understanding), appeared when neuroscience as a science began to develop rapidly.

  9. I suggest you read Kahneman's work on our decision-making. The simple answer is that our prefrontal cortex – the youngest part of the brain and the only thing that distinguishes us from animals-determines our free will and real decision-making.�

    The problem with using it is that like the “first pancake lump”, it requires a lot of energy, can not work for a long time, is very easily turned off by stress and DOES NOT TURN ON automatically, only by effort.�

    Therefore, the possibility of making decisions exists, but almost no one uses it, because it is energy-consuming, not pleasant enough, and requires training. To get an idea of how the prefrontal cortex works, try to count 38*12 in your mind, and you will immediately feel how your gears are working.�

    To provide yourself with more conscious time, you need to practice mindfulness, control your stress and energy levels (for example, using appropriate apps like ours) , and learn to ask yourself the same question five times with variations, assuming in advance that the first few answers given out by our brain will be determined or prompted by anything other than open-minded thinking (our knowledge, experience, upbringing, instincts, etc.).

  10. From the point of view of neuroscience, our decisions are the result of various physical and chemical processes. Which are a consequence of the physical laws of nature, which are based on quantum mechanics. Fundamentally nondeterministic.

  11. From the point of view of neuroscience, all our decisions are really deterministic, the principle of how the brain works and its decision-making says exactly this. But nevertheless, the brain creates for us the illusion of freedom and, it turns out, this is quite enough. This illusion lies in the fact that from the point of view of everyday life, we are always free to choose between two or more options, and no one will take this opportunity (freedom of action) away from us.

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