2 Answers

  1. Well, how to say it… Not directly. Let's get this straight.

    Aristocracy (other Greek: ἀριστοκρατία – from other Greek: ἀριστεύς (aristeus) – noble, best, noble origin and κράτος (kratos) – power.

    Aristotle – Ἀριστοτέλης (Aristoteles)- literally, the name translates as “the best hope” (parents decided to call it) – etc. from the Greek. ἀριστεύς (aristeus) – best and ελπίς (Elpis) – hope).

    That is, these ancient Greek words come from the same root – ἀριστεύς (aristeus) – the best. But the aristocracy is not named after Aristotle 🙂

    Although Aristotle thought about different types of power and the correctness of one or the other, including the aristocracy – the power of noble men.

    In general, all these-kracies (from κράτος (kratos) – power) are well deciphered from ancient Greek:

    Aristocracy – the power of the nobility

    Democracy – the power of the people

    Meritocracy – the power of the worthy (not yet found in nature)

    Plutocracy – the power of the rich

    Kleptocracy – the power of thieves (in individual countries it occurs, in which I will not mention)

    Bureaucracy – the power of the chancellery (although the first part is already of French origin, in Other Greece it did not reach this point)

    Oligarchy – the power of a few (ἀρχή-rather “domination”, not state power)

    Theocracy – spiritual (religious power), or the presence of a large religious component against the background of secular power

    Technocracy – the power of scientific and technical specialists

    Gerontocracy is the “power of the old men” or the elders, although it can be used in both accents, for example, as a characteristic of the Politburo at the end of the USSR.

    Geniocracy – the power of specialists with an abnormally high level of intelligence (hypothetical term, not found in nature)


  2. Yes. The term “aristocracy” was introduced by ancient philosophers (Plato, Aristotle). Aristotle distinguished the aristocracy as belonging to good forms of government, along with the polity, which he considered the best (power of the average), and the monarchy, which went before the aristocracy after the polity. Aristotle considered the oligarchy to be a perverted aristocracy — the power of the rich, in which the interests of the ruling persons themselves are taken into account more than the interests of the state as a whole.

Leave a Reply