2 Answers

  1. In psychotherapy, such phenomena occur constantly.

    Here is an example from Freud. In his work with hysterical women, one story constantly slipped through: all the girls indicated that they had been harassed as a child-by their father, uncle, or another adult man. And as if it is natural that as a result we get a person who reacts hysterically to the manifestation of male attention and unconsciously tries to protect himself from them.

    However, after digging into these stories, Freud discovered that these “repressed memories” did not occur: most of the girls had never actually been abused. These colorful, detailed stories of gross male cruelty turned out to be fantasies invented by the girl's consciousness to explain her strange behavior to herself and others.

    And such a fantasy is also a protective reaction of consciousness to the manifestations of the unconscious, which already disturbed the girl in her youth.

  2. Exists. It is called “confabulation” – when the imagination completes a memory that did not exist, and makes it so realistic that a person considers it their own. Modern research shows that most methods of restoring “repressed” memories do not actually restore memories, but form new ones that the person himself takes for real.

    By the way, advertising is based on the simplest case of confabulation. If you repeat many times from each iron that “this milk is the best”, over time you will involuntarily begin to “remember” that “someone told you about it”, and rely on this opinion when making decisions. This process is so fundamental that you may be well aware of it, but it will still affect you.

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