4 Answers

  1. Psychotherapist -a doctor who makes a diagnosis, prescribes medications of various kinds, who can conduct psychotherapy, according to the law in the Russian Federation.
    A psychologist is a person engaged in counseling and correction .
    Let's say there is Vasya who does not know how best to quit , there are several ways but he does not know which is better, (at the same time, he is really able to leave )a psychologist will help him decide which is better for him, help him find possible new ways of solving problems that Vasya has not seen.
    And then there's Petya, who has a panic attack every time he gets on the subway, his health is fine , and he doesn't know why this is happening, and in general it seems to him (and he often insists) that this has nothing to do with the fact that he has to take the subway to his ex and pick up things to stop seeing her at all , Petya does not understand the essence of the problem and, unlike Vasya, he is not able to overcome it himself ,he does not know what exactly the problem is.here you need a person who will relieve anxiety with the drug, and help you see and recognize your problem for Petya-a psychotherapist .

  2. 1) a psychologist works with healthy people who consider themselves healthy
    2) a psychoanalyst works with healthy people who consider themselves sick
    3) a psychotherapist works with sick people who consider themselves sick
    4) a psychiatrist works with sick people who consider themselves healthy

    by suh22

  3. A psychiatrist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders using medical methods. In particular, it has the right to prescribe medications.

    A psychologist is a specialist in the field of psychology. Not a doctor and has no right to prescribe medications. But among the many different fields of psychology, there is “clinical psychology,” which also deals with mental illness. A clinical psychologist can, in principle, have the right to diagnose mental illnesses (even conduct an expert examination for the court, for example), to conduct psychotherapy (including in psychiatric hospitals, for example). But he does not have the right to prescribe medicines under any circumstances. Because he is not a doctor (does not have the appropriate education).

    Psychotherapy is a related discipline on the border of psychiatry and psychology.�

    A psychotherapist is

    1. psychiatrist who has received ADDITIONAL training in psychotherapy (psychotherapist)
    2. psychologist trained in psychotherapy (not a doctor)�
      Methods of psychotherapy are, rather, methods from the arsenal of psychology. Accordingly, the success of treatment depends very much on the personality of the therapist. If additional drug therapy is required, it can be prescribed by the psychotherapist himself. And if the psychotherapist is a psychologist, then he will limit himself exclusively to psychotherapy, and medications will be prescribed by a doctor.

    UPD. Here everyone unanimously claims that in the Russian Federation, a psychotherapist is certainly a doctor. I will not find out and understand about the Russian Federation: is there really such a restriction? But in Germany (and in the USSR and a number of post-Soviet republics), a psychotherapist can (could have) been a clinical psychologist with appropriate qualifications. This includes working in psychiatric hospitals and as a forensic expert (the latter requires additional qualifications in Germany).

    Psychotherapy … — a system of therapeutic effects on the psyche and through the psyche on the human body. It is often defined as an activity aimed at relieving a person of various problems (emotional, personal, social, etc.). It is usually carried out by a specialist psychotherapist by establishing deep personal contact with the patient (often through conversations and discussions), as well as using various cognitive, behavioral, medical and other methods. However, this definition is not complete.

    It is necessary to distinguish the concept of psychotherapy from both psychiatry and psychology. Psychotherapy can be a type or component of psychiatric treatment (and is described in textbooks on psychiatry, recommended to psychiatrists for use), but psychiatric treatment is often not limited to it (or, in some cases, for example, in acute psychoses, it can generally be reduced only to drug treatment). A psychologist can also be a psychotherapist (for example, after taking courses and getting the appropriate qualifications).

    The word “psychotherapist” is often used in different senses. Thus, the order of the Ministry of Health defines the specialty “psychotherapist”. This is a person with a higher medical education in the specialty “medical business”, who received training in the specialty “psychiatry” and further training in psychotherapy[21] [22]. For the sake of brevity, they are often referred to simply as “psychotherapists”.

    At the same time, the word “psychotherapist” is used to refer to persons who have received an education in one of the methods of psychotherapy practice. These are people with higher psychological (but not medical) education, which is similar to some European countries, where “psychotherapists” are a humanitarian education that is not tied to medical education. However, in Germany, for example, only people with higher psychological or medical education who have completed additional training in psychotherapeutic techniques have the right to be called a psychotherapist by law. The former are called ” psychological psychotherapist “(it.�Psychologischer Psychotherapeut), the second “medical psychotherapist” (German.�Ärztlicher Psychotherapeut)[23].


    Psychiatry … — a branch of clinical medicine that studies mental disorders through the prism of medical methodology, methods of their diagnosis, prevention and treatment.


    Clinical psychology (in outdated terminology, medical psychology[1]) is a branch of psychology (at the junction with psychiatry) that studies mental phenomena from the point of view of their relationship with diseases. The field of clinical psychology includes the diagnosis of mental health, the organization and conduct of scientific research to understand psychophysiological problems, and the development, conduct, and evaluation of psychological correction (psychotherapy). Psychotherapeutic methods of clinical psychology: counseling, individual psychotherapy, family psychotherapy, family counseling and various forms of support for people experiencing psychological problems related to physical health disorders.


    Psychology… — science that studies the laws of the emergence, development and functioning of the psyche and mental activity of a person and groups of people. It combines humanitarian and natural-scientific approaches[1].

    It includes “fundamental psychology, which reveals the facts, mechanisms and laws of mental activity,” applied psychology, which studies, based on the data of “fundamental” psychology, mental phenomena in natural conditions, and ” practical psychology, which deals with the application of psychological knowledge in practice[1].


    Practical psychology (in the XIX century — experimental psychology [1]) is a branch of psychology that deals with the practical application of its knowledge.

    Independent areas of practical psychology are:�psychological counseling,�psychological testing,�psychological correction. Practical psychology transmits its knowledge in the form of recommendations to professional psychologists who relate to the impact on the psyche and activities of people. Methods can be individual or group-based. Individual methods (psychoanalysis, “auto-training,” logotherapy) are used when working alone with the client. Group methods�— with a group of people. Methods that allow you to work with a group include: auto-training, gestalt groups, meeting groups,body therapy groups, art therapy groups, logotherapy, psychoanalysis,psychodrama, psychological counseling, psychological correction, psychological testing, and T-groups.[2]


  4. The psychologist is not a doctor, but only has a psychological education. A psychotherapist is a doctor who can prescribe medications to improve the condition.

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