One Answer

  1. There are many approaches to understanding the question of possible alternatives to the current processes of globalization. These approaches are represented by a wide social spectrum.

    On one side is the most visible group for the general public – radical activists who disrupt international negotiations, summits and forums, as well as participate in various kinds of mass riots. Such groups rarely have a clearly defined agenda and do not have a significant impact on the development of the discussion on the topic indicated in the question. As a rare exception, perhaps we should mention the charismatic Mexican activist Subcomandante Marcos. The leader and ideologue of the Indian armed uprising in Chiapas (1994) has now finished his political activities, but left behind a number of original literary works (you can read translations of some of his works here).

    The other group includes moderate public figures, publicists, and members of the academic community, often referred to as alter-globalists. They do not deny the objectivity and irreversibility of globalization, but oppose its current neoliberal model, which, in their opinion, has a negative impact on the economy, culture and ecology of individual regions, as well as the world as a whole. The World Social Forum is the most authoritative discussion platform for hyper-globalists. Also worth mentioning is �projectThe Postglobalization Initiative, which aims to organize events and publish articles and books in various languages (for example, “The Decline of the US Empire” in 2013).

    Which of the famous representatives of the movement should I read?

    Immanuel Wallerstein is an American sociologist, author of the concept of world-system analysis.

    Samir Amin is an Egyptian political scientist and economist. One of his most recent books is ” The Virus of Liberalism. Permanent war and the Americanization of the World”.

    Noam Chomsky is an outstanding linguist, social activist, and publicist. In recent years, several collections of his articles and books have been published in Russian.

    Naomi Klein is a Canadian journalist and author. Her books ” No logo. People against Brands” and “The Shock Doctrine” have aroused great interest among supporters of the ideas of alter-globalism and strong criticism of their opponents.

    Boris Kagarlitsky is a Russian sociologist, Director of the Institute of Globalization and Social Movements (IGSO), and an expert on the Postglobalization Initiative.

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