5 Answers

  1. If falsification is also information, then what is it?

    Obviously false.

    How false information is even possible is not an easy question, but fortunately for us, Plato solved it in the dialogue “Sophist”.

    What makes a judgment false is a separate question, and there are possible options. I prefer to use as a criterion inconsistency with other judgments, including judgments about the perception of the world. For example, the statement “I can see rain now” is consistent with the fact that I can actually see rain outside the train window. The judgment “I don't see rain” will be inconsistent with the fact that I do see it.

  2. From my point of view, this is a statement based on a real fact, from which false or unrelated conclusions are consciously drawn. Moreover, they were made using a certain technology. Let me explain with an example of how to make a news item.

    1. Fact : in city N, a small hole was formed on the road; the asphalt collapsed.
    2. Step 1. Generalization. City N has bad roads, and they keep getting destroyed.
    3. Step 2. Who can get in the way of bad roads? For motorists and low-mobility groups of citizens. The terrible roads of the city of N outrage motorists and do not allow disabled people and young mothers with wheelchairs to move normally.
    4. Step 3. How can people express dissatisfaction? Motorists, disabled people and young mothers of the city of N are outraged by the inaction of the city authorities and demand the resignation of the mayor of the city.
    5. Step 4. How can you bite the mayor more painfully? Motorists, disabled people and young mothers of the city of N, outraged by the destruction of the city economy, are ready to appeal to the president with a demand to sort out how the city budget is spent.

    Bottom line: a hole in the road = the demand of the city's population to understand how the mayor spends the city budget.

    And with this technology, you can expand any small insignificant fact to the scale of an almost universal catastrophe, the European Court of Human Rights, and so on, and so on. This is falsification. Although about the hole-the pure truth; there is a hole.

  3. Giving out false information.

    In the overwhelming majority of cases – conscious.

    Most often, motivation is based on benefits.

    Sometimes false self-confidence. There are no facts, but I really want to.

  4. Yes, not from a technical point of view, but from a moral point of view: this is when a false (false) construction is blatantly passed off as authentic-in finance , in art, in politics, in science, and often in everyday life.

  5. An idle question. Falsification is a hidden or open forgery, especially if it concerns technical devices. The original of any technical device in the process of improvement, like living organisms, goes through its own path of evolution. As they say: Through the thorns-to the stars! For example, you can know the chemical composition of tank armor, but without knowing the subtleties of its smelting technology, we will never achieve the same quality as in the original. You can know the chemical composition of the solder boards in the PC, but do not know at what temperature and in what atmosphere the soldering was performed. In these cases, the fake is not obvious, it is disguised. Both in the first and second cases, if we do not know in detail the entire system of preparation and production itself, we will get a product that is inferior to the original in quality, that is, a fake. I do not even consider such areas as cheaper, faster production, narrowing the range of technical characteristics of the original. This is an open fake.

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