One Answer

  1. First of all, there is no generally accepted meaning for this term. If you try to ask a non-Russian-speaking philosopher about it, they simply won't understand you. Any researcher who uses this term will use it because they personally find it appropriate. What exactly he will understand by it, you can only find out exactly from his texts.

    The prefix “para -” means “outside, near, near”. Paraphilosophy can be called something that looks like philosophy, but is not philosophy. Some brainstorming at the window on the bus.

    Or it can be called texts that for some reason have been pushed out of “real philosophy”: the works of esotericists (for example, Carlos Castaneda, who was pushed out on the grounds that the use of psychotropic plants and magic passes is an irrational way of understanding the true nature of reality, based on personal experience), self-taught philosophers (for example, Christopher Langan, who was pushed out because he did not master the terminological apparatus of academic philosophy, reasoning). ´┐ŻAnd so on.

    In any case, the term will be evaluative – for example, the Marxist philosopher Yuri Ivanovich Semyonov considers any philosophy other than dialectical materialism to be paraphilosophy ,as he writes in the multi-volume Introduction to the Science of Philosophy.

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