What is the essence of morality?
Hello, dear Ladies and Gentlemen!Each of us knows that we need to be good, not bad. We have a conscience that tells us what is good and what is bad.The believer connects his conscience in one way or another with God's law, which is embedded in man. And that's right. But as they say, human nature is darkened and a person does not hear his conscience, and when he hears, he misunderstands. Yes, and the conscience itself is darkened by a sinful life. That is why the external law is given by God.Yet we have many atheists and materialistic philosophers. Ordinary people also follow them. Now and in school, no one will tell a child about God. And they talk a lot about morality.What will these philosophers and those who think materialistically or scientifically say? Is conscience a social consciousness? Is morality a collective experience of survival and living together? Apparently, partly yes.But questions of morality are very controversial and ambiguous. Various moral teachings are often created (in Socrates, Epicurus, Spinoza, etc.)What do you think is the essence of morality? Is there any way to justify and systematize it? Where does morality come from in a person? What is it for? Maybe you can live differently, immorally? If not, why not?What is conscience? Where is it from? Is it possible and necessary to work on your conscience? Is your conscience always right?What I mean here is precisely philosophical reasoning.