2 Answers

  1. Personality can be neither positive nor negative. It's just there. The area of personal consciousness and worldview may differ for different philosophers, but the whole picture can be put together and seen better if you look at the same philosophical questions from different points of view belonging to different people.
    The categories of “bad” and “good” are relative. It depends on what they were for, and who exactly they were good or bad for. Don't respond without specific instructions.
    If for a better understanding of philosophy or religion, to whom, which formulation is more understandable, to whom which worldview is closer to his own, such a philosophy is better for him.
    The question of historical examples is not about philosophy, but about history, so I answered only the part related to philosophy.

  2. If a philosopher is widely recognized by subsequent philosophers and their worldview is accepted as fundamental in the context of applicability to modernity, this is a sign of recognition, and they can be considered positive personalities, although of course this is a speculative comparison with a real historical person.

    But philosophy is only reflections, conclusions and advice that CAN be manipulated selectively, taking advantage of the fact that the mass of people are not interested in philosophy, if they show interest, then fragmentary, introductory.

    Hence, there may be individuals who maliciously and purposefully pull out the necessary lines from the whole, sometimes sticking out individual absurdities in the works of a philosopher, generate a distorted perception and the necessary malicious mood and impose it on the majority.

    For example, Nietzsche, in general, this is a series of fantasies in the form of odes to superman (by the way, written in an extremely difficult language to perceive the integrity of the narrative, you get tired quickly), but it gave rise to a branch of interpretation that became the basis of Nazism and as a consequence of the heyday of the brown plague of Europe.

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