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  1. The “power of the common” originates from Greek figures. Etymology explains the meaning of the word as demos-people, and kratos-power. Cleisthenes and Sophocles were the pre-ideologists of this form of government.�

    The leader of the Athenian democracy from 444 BC and for 15 years was the first strategist Pericles. He pursued a moderate policy: factich. I canceled the meeting. qualifications for the election of archons and most officials; instead of being elected by voting, a number of officials were chosen by drawing lots; payment was established for officials, which opened up wide opportunities for state activities and for poor citizens. Thanks to Pericles, the state treasury distributes special money (teorikon in Greek) to poor citizens to visit the theater, which is most popular. citizens are widely involved in liturgies, and a program is being implemented to build a number of community buildings. destinations (the Parthenon, Propylaea, Odeon, the “Long Walls” between Athens and Piraeus), which gave the work of mn. For example, the bezzem withdrawal program is being implemented. citizens in the so-called cleruchy. However, all these reforms were carried out in the interests of only full-fledged citizens of the polis, namely, Athens. women and slaves of citizens. they didn't have any rights. In 451, a law was passed that excluded all people of non-Afin origin from full citizenship.

    The supreme authority in Athens was the nar. an assembly (ecclesia) of approx. 40 times a year. The Council (bule) actually played the role of a commission that prepared draft decisions of the Ecclesia. All officials were accountable to the Ecclesia and were most often chosen by drawing lots. An important part of the Athenian justice system was the jury trial (Heliea).

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