3 Answers

  1. About a hundred years ago, the Yerkes-Dodson law was discovered. They studied rats as they searched for food in a maze. It turned out that if they are not fed at all, they do not look for food well. If they are full, it is also bad. Only at a certain level of arousal do they do it optimally. So do people. It takes a certain degree of excitement to do your job very well. But we're all different. Someone needs a very small amount of arousal to work optimally, and if activation continues further, they will only work worse. And some people need a lot of excitement to reach this optimum. That's why we are so different in terms of stress, which creates some activation for us.

  2. This depends on the prevailing type of nervous system.

    During times of stress, the body increases the concentration of adrenaline. Those whose nervous system is highly excitable, act on the principle of ” fight or flight”, and think quickly. And those who have poorly developed arousal or nervous processes are characterized by low mobility begin to” slow down”, lie low.

  3. First, you need to determine what stress is and the causes of its occurrence.

    A stressful situation occurs at the time of a sharp change in the comfort zone.

    The comfort zone is formed in early childhood and adjusted later in life, depending on the circumstances of the surrounding world. The detailed answer can be found in the study of brain neurophysiology.

    Nature has given the inhabitants of our planet a protective and educational system, which we call emotions.

    1. Emotions are a necessary tool for creating a comfort zone.

    2. A balance of positive and negative emotions creates this zone.

    It works like this: emotions cause brain neurons to synthesize neurotransmitters (epinephrine, dopamine, norepinephrine, etc.), which are embedded in the neural network and marked as long-term memory.

    The strength of an emotional experience determines the duration of the stored memory.

    The pursuit of positive emotions is a vital necessity for the survival of the species. Negative emotions protect you from repeating mistakes that can be harmful to your health.

    The system works independently of our reasoning, because it is an instrument of the basic law of species survival and motivates its observance very strictly.

    Violation of the balance formed by neurotransmitters leads to stress (withdrawal).

    This is best understood by narcologists (method of treatment-order of the Ministry of Health No. 500) The drug also violates the comfort zone, creating a new balance, which requires stimulants(drugs) that can force the production of the necessary neurotransmitter.

    Having dealt with the causes of stress, I will move on to the speed of decision-making in this state.

    Why does someone fall into a “stupor”, another takes rash actions or makes the right decisions?

    “Legs” grow from early childhood, as I mentioned at the beginning.

    Of great importance is the upbringing of offspring, both by personal example and in the process of providing information for learning about the world around the child.

    There are two main directions here:

    1. Authoritarian – suppression of the child's will by their own authority, without the right to choose.

    2. Cognition – you are trying to explain to your child how it works in a language that is accessible to them. Together, you are looking for different solutions to a particular problem.

    The second option makes flexibility of thinking a comfort zone and in case of stress, a person reacts calmly, trying to calculate options.

    In the first case, there is a huge chance to “hang” without understanding the process, where there is no solution from above.

    It is worth mentioning that, after the initial adaptation to the surrounding world, the child will have a long journey in which his basic comfort zone will be adjusted depending on the social circle and authoritative leaders who should be imitated.

    Another variant of falling into a panic state can cause a strong shock and a powerful emotion caused by it.

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