3 Answers

  1. Hmm, historically, the state has developed as a mechanism for implementing large – scale projects of general significance-from irrigation to the creation of defensive systems and religious buildings. In principle, the state is a “stationary bandit” who replaced the bandits who lived by raiding.
    Among its functions were protective, maintaining internal order, judicial and legal, ideological, etc. Since the 19th and 20th centuries, they have been joined by the social one, which was previously manifested only by episodes (for example, during global catastrophes, pestilences, crop failures).
    If you are interested in such a state as the current Russian one, then its necessity is not obvious: it does not cope with any of its duties, and its costs cover the ephemeral benefits for the population by an order of magnitude.
    It is decomposing, and we are witnesses of its disintegration))

  2. So it depends on the point of view. Communists believe that the state is required as a “machine of suppression” by the ruling class-representatives of other classes (see Lenin's “The State and the Revolution”). Classical liberals (for example, J. S. Mill) argued that the state is required in order to be in the service of a person (each, specific) and protect his rights and freedoms, especially the right to private property. And in some African countries, they believe that the state should ensure the right to dispose of the country's national wealth to some group of individuals who at a particular moment managed to seize its key posts and institutions.

    Here. It seems that all points of view are exhausted. The state is a very young institution, and the very word la stato was coined by Machiavelli.

  3. Imagine that the state does not exist and you are a resident of a village with a population of 100 people. Sooner or later, after several fires, you will need people who will be on duty and put out fires, because it is often impossible to extinguish the house only by the owners. And now there is a fire brigade, followed by the police, which will protect from thieves, the army, which will protect from raids from other villages and other structures that require special powers by the nature of their activities (police – carrying weapons, doctors – using narcotic drugs, etc.). And here you can already see the formation of the system, the state. We will add taxes on the maintenance of these same firefighters, police, army, doctors, and then teachers with pensions will catch up. The state apparatus is an integral part of the modern world. Without it, human existence is impossible. People always need a leader.

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