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First of all, it is not only a person who is prone to suicide. This, at a minimum, can mean that there is not only an instinct for self – preservation, but also an instinct for suicide-some pre-alarmed programs that push the individual to suicide. At the level of cells and unicellular cells, such programs have already been found, see “apoptosis”, for example, or “altruism in bacteria”. These programs, of course, come into conflict and win depending on the circumstances.
Second, the more intelligence is expressed in a particular species, the more individuals of this species are able to deviate from their instincts. The extent to which it manifests itself is debatable in animals, but for me it is absolutely indisputable in humans – we are intelligent enough to commit suicide without any programs. Although it is possible that in the future some deeper mechanisms will be found in our minds that determine our readiness to make a logical conclusion about the permissibility of suicide. Personally, I consider it permissible for myself to commit suicide in some cases, for example, in the case of an incurable and painful illness.
Valeria, good afternoon. I am a professional suicidologist, so I answer your question: someone who thinks about suicide and so feels that he is no longer alive, but at the same time he is also in pain. And he dreams that if he dies, he won't live EITHER , but the pain will end. The basis of suicidal thoughts is frustration or, in a simple way, an unsatisfied need that a person either does not realize at all or does not know how to satisfy. For example, the need for love or significance, etc. Thanks for the question.
If you're talking about why he's deliberately thinking about ending his life in a quick way, not to mention how and when, then I think this is it.
Mental suffering can be much stronger than the survival instinct.
Depression. Clinical condition. It could have been called something else. Now, when someone is referred to as “depressed,” they can mean both someone who is slightly sad and someone who is suffering from a real debilitating affective disorder. This means that people may mistakenly think that depression is a minor problem. After all, we all get depressed all the time, don't we? And we just need to pull ourselves together for it to pass. We often make judgments based only on our own experience, and now we know that our brains automatically give more weight to personal experiences, exaggerating their significance and reducing sensitivity to other people's experiences if they differ from ours.
This is wrong. Ignoring the problems of someone with real depression because “you were able to pull yourself together when you were sad” is like ignoring the problems of someone with an amputated arm because you once cut yourself with paper. The state of depression is really debilitating, but the “light blues” are not. Depression can be so severe that the person experiencing it comes to the decision to commit suicide.
Good morning Alexander. We must look at this question from two sides.
If a person simply thinks about suicide, then this does not contradict the sense of self-preservation, since it is activated only at the moment of danger itself, which is why some suicidal people think about completing their life path, for example, when they come to the edge of a cliff, they do not dare to do this. The”internal brakes”are activated.
Another thing is when a person does everything for him. That is why suicides are considered by psychiatry, since a severe emotional state, nervous breakdowns, and maybe organic brain damage can lead to various divergent behaviors. People kill themselves, others, and maybe something else, the spectrum is quite wide.
Self-preservation works as long as the brain and psyche are intact.
Contradicts, of course.
Therefore, some citizens are excited or even frustrated by the idea of suicide.
Precisely because in the process of thinking, there is an internal conflict with instinctive behavior.
But instinct is not a rigid program. People can easily suppress their instincts. So, by and large, this contradiction does not affect anything.