8 Answers

  1. It's not about whether higher education is paid or free, it's about its accessibility. Education should be accessible to those who deserve it. How it will be organized – budget places for talented people, subsidies, educational loans, the “learn – work” system-is already the tenth question. And the question of how higher education will be received by those who are not worthy, but really want to, is generally the twentieth.

  2. Paid education is evil – because it has more disadvantages than advantages.

    Positive aspects:

    1) Improving the level of education by increasing the number of people who receive this education.

    Negative aspects:

    1) Increasing the costs of the free education system.Private universities and schools will naturally have to hire teachers and managers of the educational process.They will have to buy educational equipment. Accordingly, the demand for resources to support the educational process will increase,followed by an increase in prices for these resources.But the State education system also purchases these resources.It will have to compete for resources with private traders.Compete with money. Accordingly, due to higher prices, with a fixed State budget for education, the education system may purchase fewer resources to support the educational process.Or it is necessary to increase budget expenditures on education in order to maintain the level of procurement.As a result,either this reduces the level of education, or leads to large expenses for taxpayers, which is reflected in the reduction of other budget items or an increase in taxes.

    2) Negative impact on the child's motivation.Human behavior is influenced by many factors,one of the main ones being motivation.In the process of growing up, a person develops an understanding of how the world works,and in particular what influences a person's success.A child who sees the world as a place where success depends on merit will behave differently from a child who sees the world as a random place where success depends on random events,such as family for example.If in his life will come across more cases when the success of a person will depend on chance, it will negatively affect his motivation.His belief in the Thesis “why do something if success does not depend on it” will increase. The thesis “The main thing is to be in the right place at the right time” will be getting closer to him.

    3) Now we will talk about the violation of evolution.It may be hard enough to accept this idea, so I'll start with an analogy.Imagine the habitat of some animals.As we know from Darwin ,natural selection is the engine of evolution.The more advanced an animal is, the more likely it is to survive.Accordingly, the main factor of success in nature is the ability of the animal.Now let's imagine that we have the opportunity to throw a certain amount of food to those animals that are weak, infirm and poorly developed.On the one hand, the survival rate of animals( all animals in general)it will become higher.but there is a situation when some animal, the inferiority of which lies in its ability to receive basic food, after our feeding will be able to compete for something else with other animals that we did not feed.Accordingly, this will negatively affect the speed of animal evolution.On the one hand, this generally increases the standard of living of the population,but on the other hand, it reduces the average indicators of animal abilities.Now let's draw an analogy.Please try to understand the very idea of this argument.In our case, there is a human society where success depends on many factors.In particular, it depends on a person's abilities.Paid education is a mechanism that allows such a random factor as the wealth of parents to become important.And as a result, this ,in addition to increasing the education of society, violates the principles of evolution.Just like with animals, yes it increases the amount of “food”.on the one hand, it increases “health” . But this negates part of the positive effect of improving education.They begin to compete in life from previously higher starting positions, and as a result, this negatively affects their abilities, which negates the positive part. This is exactly the mechanism that forms the “random world” that the child sees.And this is related to the previous effect.This is how the world becomes more “random”.

    4) Rising inequality.We should clarify some point about the inequality. Inequality itself is not a bad thing.Good inequality is when wealth is distributed according to one's ability to manage it effectively, and generally according to one's abilities and talents.Bad inequality occurs when a person who has not done anything for the economy becomes richer.An example of this is getting rich through corruption and crime in general.But this is even an example of a terrible inequality, when a person did not do something good,but did something bad .Back to our question.It is paid education that spurs such “bad inequality”.When a person's education is significantly affected simply by the fact of birth, it positively affects his further success in competition with those who did not have such good starting positions,that is,it violates the concept of competitive distribution of benefits, accidentally giving advantages to some participants.And this is what drives inefficient inequality

    5) Commercialization of education.Conflict of interest.With paid education, the management of an educational institution has a goal-profit,high financial performance.Our task will be to make sure that they are paid.Financial indicators will be affected by several factors: on the one hand, reputation, on the other hand, costs(teachers ' salaries ,training materials).To earn a reputation, they need to CONVINCE consumers of the effectiveness and usefulness of the educational services they offer+of the comfort of learning .

    About comfort.If an educational institution is faced with the question of choosing between a beautiful building and buying new equipment for the laboratory .The fact that an educational organization does not have a beautiful building will negatively affect the probability of purchasing equipment for the laboratory .That is, paid education increases the need for organizations that do not affect the level of education,but “want” for consumers.And this, in turn, negatively affects the level of education itself, because resources are used for other “decorative” purposes.

    About the effectiveness and usefulness of the educational services they offer.I'll repeat myself.they need TO CONVINCE consumers of the effectiveness and usefulness of the educational services they offer.But are consumers always able to objectively assess the quality of education offered at all?It is extremely difficult for consumers to assess the effectiveness and usefulness of education.Education is not apples, it is not furniture, it is not a house, it is not a phone,it is not something that is easy to evaluate, or with a lot of effort.Consumers may think that something in the educational program is superfluous, and something is necessary, etc. .And the educational institution will have to take into account this perception of consumers . Naturally, this applies to a large extent to medium-sized universities, such as Harvard, MSU,and Oxford.The main value for most schools, universities, and colleges is not what teachers,textbook authors ,or teachers say,but what marketers say.

    6) Overproduction.This argument has something in common with the previous one.Perhaps it can be taken as a quotient of the previous paragraph.This will be very easy to explain using the example of Russia.As you know,there is an overabundance of ordinary economists and lawyers in Russia,but have you ever wondered why this is so?As the results of monitoring by the Higher School of Economics of Education in Russia show, economists and lawyers are still one of the most popular areas in PAID education,and so it was in the noughties.The whole unnecessary army of economists and lawyers consists mostly of paid employees.The country does not need such a large number of economists and lawyers.But they keep coming and going.People who are not able to enroll in normal courses fill the faculties of economics and Law en masse,using their parents ' money.They sit there for 4-6 years and become those who are NOT NEEDED by the economy.The soldiers of this army, instead of spending these 4-6 years on activities useful to the economy, sit at their desks.Here is another fundamental essence of paid education – “the client is always right”.

    7) To each according to his merits.This is a centuries-old principle of justice,which was mentioned by Plato and Cicero. Everyone deserves what they did.Each according to their abilities.If a child receives an undeserved education,then this is a violation of this principle.This idea is justice in its true sense,justice to which a moderate effort will not degrade the economy,not lower the standard of living,but stimulate the evolution of society.

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  3. Paid or not paid – it doesn't matter. 9 classes of education will be enough for you, if not less. Education will not give you a good income and obviously will not make you happier. Even if they give you money for free, you won't live better.

  4. I don't care. There is no free education. Teachers ' work costs money. Who pays for it is another matter.

    Apparently, by” free ” the author of the question means education paid for by taxpayers. If a state has such a system, it is undoubtedly a blessing, as it helps to ensure equal access to education for people of different levels of wealth. But this, of course, does not mean that a person's ability to study for their own money is a kind of “evil” and harms society in some way. Everyone should have the right to receive one free education. Everyone should have the right to continue their education for the rest of their life. It is not clear on what grounds the author believes that this rule should be limited or that the burden of paying it in full should be shifted to taxpayers.

  5. The problem of higher education is not paid/free, but low efficiency of personnel training. The number of admissions of male and female students is sometimes just drawn from the ceiling, as a result, already in the third or fourth year you realize that there is no point in working in the profession, or there is no place, even studying at the budget department. Not to mention those who study on a paid basis— in this case, they will simply put the diploma on the shelf, paid for from their own / parent's pocket.

    Higher education should be targeted — with an internship and selection in companies/institutions that are interested in the student (s) as a potential employee (s). If these are state-funded institutions and enterprises, then educational places are financed through the treasury. Private or non — state-subsidize independently or within the framework of endowment funds.

    At the same time, a handful of paid places (5-10) should be left to those who went to the faculty at the call of their heart. In general, the recruitment system needs to be reviewed.

    Although I am opposed to the post-graduate distribution system, its modern reinterpretation would be a justified and reasonable step. So that budget places are not a freebie — but also so that faculties do not let people out into the void, eating up taxpayer funds.

    The problem of accessibility can generally be solved gracefully — with the help of subsidized education loans, which must be returned within 5-7 years after graduation. This is a kind of deposit — if you want to pay it off ahead of schedule, if you want to start paying it off from the moment you get your diploma. I do not exclude that the person's motivation will then be completely different.

    Theses — so.

  6. If so, I “should have fought evil, not joined it.”

    It is too categorical to consider the very possibility of obtaining an education for a certain number of banknotes as evil, but there is an extremely interesting side of this coin.

    Obviously, the education system is not perfect like any other. The opportunity to study for a fee is both a blessing and a scourge of this very system. Why?
    Let's look at my personal catastrophic example.

    Big University named after ” G “in the city of “N”.
    3 leading faculties: Law, Economics and Management.
    The cost of training is on a scale of 100,000 rubles per year. ( which is not such a small amount for my city )

    Legends say that there used to be as many as 10 budget places and a high passing score. The students of the past gnawed granite day and night in the battle to be among the top ten chosen Dovakins. Despite the fact that most of them studied for money, they had a goal and an incentive.

    But the caravan is moving and there are no budget places left at all.
    What should a university do if there are no budget places and such high passing scores?

    Everything is simple. They will bring down the passing score completely! From 260 to 175 for the sum of 3 exams and will teach for money those who passed the Unified State Exam with grief in half.
    And all of them will imitate a stormy activity for 5 years and successfully pass session after session, because everything has a price, even a small autograph in the record book.

    Bottom line: All 3 faculties have been turned into one huge faculty of unemployment, where everyone doesn't care about their studies or about themselves. There is no point in digging if the conditional Vasya Pupkin already knows from the 1st year that they agreed for him not only for the session, but for the workplace where he will come and sit after the university.

    And you without connections will run someone's assistant for 15k at best until the end of your days. I think that to make coffee and print, you don't have to pay 100k a year and spend several years of your youth on it.

    Don't repeat my mistakes, don't listen to your parents and do what you love, all the best :3

    War. War never changes…

  7. Paid education is better than free education.

    First, free education-ALL OF a SUDDEN! – it is provided by taxpayers, and much less efficiently than paid services.

    Secondly, “free” education is by definition of lower quality, because educational institutions do not compete, therefore, they do not attract the best teachers, do not acquire the best manuals, and so on. “Free” education inevitably leads to an average educational process and an oak program.

    Third, “free” education is perceived as a given and is more often used to get a five-year reprieve from the army than to gain knowledge. This leads to low motivation of students and, as a result, a low level of training. Hence the huge number of diploma holders in the former USSR at the bottom level of science.

  8. Because a paid education is the same as a diploma purchased in an underground passage. And, by the way, you will be surprised, but in the USSR there was no paid education. Something like that.

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