2 Answers

  1. I will not say anything in my own words, just give the names of individual chapters of the book and thoughts that always seem relevant to me. :

    “� Chapter VIII. About those who gain power by misdeeds

    Chapter IX. On civil autocracy

    I will now turn to those cases in which a man becomes the sovereign of his own country, not by wickedness or iniquity, but by virtue of the good will of his fellow – citizens-which requires not actual valor or good fortune, but rather a successful stratagem. It must be said that this kind of autocracy – it can be called civil – is established at the request of either the nobility or the people. For there is no city where these two principles are not separated: the nobility wants to subjugate and oppress the people, the people do not want to be in subjection and oppression; the clash of these principles is resolved in three ways: either by autocracy, or without a beginning, or by freedom.
    Autocracy is established either by the nobility or by the people, depending on who first gets the opportunity. The nobility, seeing that they cannot resist the people, elevates one of their own and proclaims him a sovereign, in order to satisfy their lusts behind his back… you can't honestly satisfy the pretensions of the nobility without hurting others… You must do to the nobles as they do.

    Chapter XV. About what people, especially sovereigns, are praised or blamed for

    Chapter XVII. About cruelty and mercy, and whether it's better to inspire love or fear

    .. the sovereign, if he wishes to keep his subjects in subjection, must not consider the charge of cruelty. By committing a few massacres, he will show more mercy than those who, out of excess, condone disorder. For the whole population suffers from the disorder that leads to pillage and murder, while only individuals suffer from the punishments imposed by the sovereign… To avoid hatred, the sovereign must refrain from encroaching on the property of citizens and subjects and on their women.

    Chapter XVIII. On how sovereigns should keep their word

    Chapter XIX. On how to avoid hatred and contempt

    The Sovereign… He must be careful not to commit anything that might arouse the hatred or contempt of his subjects… Princes arouse hatred by predation and encroachment on the goods and women of their subjects. For most people are content with life as long as their honor or property is not affected…

    Chapter XXI. What should a sovereign do to be honored?

    The sovereign must also show himself a patron of talents, welcome gifted people, and show honor to those who have distinguished themselves in any craft or art. He should encourage the citizens to devote themselves quietly to trade, agriculture, and handicrafts; that some should improve their possessions without fear of being taken away from them; that others should open up trade without fear of being ruined by taxes; and that, moreover, he should have rewards for those who are concerned with the adornment of the city or state.

    Chapter XXII. On the counsellors of sovereigns

    A ruler's intelligence is first judged by the kind of people he brings close to him; if they are loyal and capable people, then you can always be sure of his wisdom. For when a man is able to discern good and evil in the actions and speech of men, he will, without being particularly ingenious himself, be able to distinguish bad from good in the counsels of his assistants, and will reward for good and exact for evil; and his assistants will not hope to deceive the sovereign, but will serve him faithfully… There's one sure-fire way to find out what an assistant is worth. If he cares more for himself than for the sovereign, and seeks his own advantage in every matter, he will never be a good servant to the sovereign, and the latter will never be able to rely on him… “

    If you are interested in a more interesting and complete work on the structure of power, I advise you to read another book – “Arthashastra”, the authorship of which is attributed to the sage Kautilya (318-291 BC). You can't really tear yourself away from the book. The titles of some chapters are: “Use of secret agents”, “Surveillance of the king's sons”, “Duties of the king”, “Appointment of Ministers”, ” Surveillance… for the parties of loyal people and people who are treacherous”, “The test of honesty and dishonesty of ministers”…

  2. Just like in any other work, I think. However, a number of them are outdated morally, a lot of time has passed, but some things are still relevant today. For example, the saying 'a weak people is a strong state, a strong people is a weak state' is true. Just as it is true that in the event of military action, an invitation to your territory is fraught with consequences. The Second World War showed this clearly. The USSR liberated half of Europe from Germany, but forgot to free it from its own presence. America did the same. In general, it will take a lot of time to list all the ideas of the sovereign. It is better to read it carefully again.

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