- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Gottlob Frege, “Logic and Logical semantics”.
Erich Mendelssohn, “Introduction to Mathematical Logic”.
Antoine Arnault, Pierre Nicol, “Logic, or the Art of Thinking”.
Christoph von Siegwart, “Logic”.
I once read the book “One Hundred Prejudices”by the Polish philosopher Jozef Bohenski. Highly develops logical thinking. In general, there is a book “Logic or the art of thinking” by French logicians Arnaud Antoine and Nicolas Pierre (translated from French), Nauka publishing house, Moscow, 1991. Probably available on the Internet. This French book was published in 1662 in Paris. I haven't been interested in logic for a long time. I think there are more modern explanations of the basics of logic.
By the way, I still advise you to read Aristotle, his Logic (Organon), especially the “Second Analyst”. For the sake of understanding, I advise you to get acquainted with the ancient Indian logic of Shankaracharya (Shankara), as well as the logic of the Tibetan thinker Nagarjuna. Different styles of philosophizing will give you an understanding of the volume and variety of logical methods of thinking.
A strange request. I know a lot of good textbooks on logic by Russian authors, so why do you need a foreign textbook on logic? If you explain, I'll try to find it – so far – https://4brain.ru/logika/knigi.php#6, pay special attention to Getmanova's textbook. I know this person personally, and she once taught at our gymnasium where I studied. Here, by the way, is an old textbook on dialectical logic – https://rabkrin.org/rozental-m-m-printsipyi-dialekticheskoy-logiki-kniga/ – it doesn't hurt either.