2 Answers

  1. Socrates argued. Or debated. Or discussed it. There are different views here.

    Here, for example, Deleuze:

    Socrates was constantly engaged in making any discussion impossible, whether in the short form of the agon (questions and answers) or in the long form of competing speeches. From a friend, he made only a friend of the concept, and from the concept itself — a ruthless monologue that eliminates one opponent after another.

    Mamardashvili writes about the same thing, saying that the task of the Socratic dialogue was to completely eliminate the possibility of talking about philosophical concepts as empirical, reducing everything to what you either know (or at least know that you don't know), or don't know, and if you know that there is nothing to argue about, and if you don't know, then there is also nothing.

    But after all, polemics, argumentation and disputes have not disappeared from philosophy, so what are they about?

    Philosophy provides a tool, and you don't have to use any tool, no matter how good it is. And therefore, no philosophical theories disappear forever and are not completely refuted, because any tool can be used, despite its unsuitability. A matter of desire.

    Therefore, a philosophical controversy is a description controversy. When debating, the philosopher tries to analyze his or someone else's tool as fully as possible, to find all possible aspects and consequences of its use, that is, to describe it as fully as possible. What they find may seem good or bad to them and they will turn it into an argument, but the final decision is always up to the user. This is what makes philosophers and advertisers alike (and it's not uncommon for philosophers to do advertising).

  2. If someone knows how to argue , he will find in the considerations of authoritative philosophers signs of disputes with his equals, if someone has a tendency to discuss, he is not lucky, because discussions of “great” ones are a disgrace and that's all… to discuss something is an empty idea, because two or three Aristoteles at once can not be collected in one place…

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