- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
If we consider the principle of ephe (abstinence from judgment) as a basic component of phenomenological reduction, then its most famous practical significance was that this principle, thanks to Karl Jaspers, was subsequently fixed as one of the fundamental principles of research in clinical psychology. In clinical psychology, it is understood as abstinence from nosocentric judgments during psychological research, i.e., the absence of negative emotions. a clinical psychologist, when talking to a person, should not “squeeze” the person's judgments into the framework of the symptoms of any mental disorder, even if the psychologist knows that his interlocutor has such a disorder. In other words, the material should be collected and recorded “as is”, without evaluation, bearing in mind that the psychologist cannot directly “get into the head” of another person, but only judges the content of his consciousness by external signs.
At the” everyday “level, the epoch principle in Jaspers' interpretation can be used in a similar way to improve communication skills with other people. Usually, people in the process of communication are too strongly fixed on their own ideas and stereotypes about the world around them and consciousness (what Husserl actually calls the “natural attitude” in overcoming which is a phenomenological reduction) that this prevents them from trying to understand the other. In other words, we are so focused on what seems “obvious” and “self-evident” that we can completely ignore the fact that it is not obvious to other people, or forget that “obvious” does not guarantee truth. Perhaps this reminder is one of the most important achievements of Husserl's phenomenology.
As applied to the external world, the meaning of refraining from judging “true reality” has a twofold meaning. First, it reminds us that our models of the world are limited and do not reflect reality absolutely reliably. Secondly, as in the philosophy of the ancient skeptics, from which Husserl borrowed the very term “epoch”, the epoch principle can lead to peace of mind by refraining from judging and arguing about “true reality”, replacing them with a more constructive discussion of various points of view regarding this reality from the position of”an uninterested observer of my here-being and my own Self”.