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    1. The definition of matter boils down to the fact that matter is called objective reality, which is given to us through sensations. It seems like a simple definition. But the peculiarity of this definition is that it is given dialectically, as if through opposites. What does “objective” mean? Existing independently of the subject (person), from his consciousness. It turns out that matter is everything that exists outside and independently of our consciousness. The whole world seems to be divided into two parts: our consciousness and everything else. In fact, everything that is not consciousness is declared to be matter. But is it possible to define an object through what it is not (i.e., through negation)? Actually, of course, you can't. But it turns out that in some cases (as in the case of the category of matter) there is simply no other way out.

    2. The next step in concretizing the concept of “matter” is to attribute general properties to all material objects, which are called “attributive” (The word “attribute” in philosophy refers to a property of something without which a material object cannot exist.) Such properties of matter include:

    * consistency (orderliness, structural certainty);

    * activity (movement, change, development);

    • self-organization;

    * the space-time form of being;

    * reflection;

    * informative content.

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