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  1. Answers by Peter Hawkins, graduate of the Faculty of Philosophy, Politics and Economics at the University of Oxford (original: )

    “I will immediately make a reservation that my knowledge of postmodernism is very limited.

    Be that as it may, one of its defining characteristics is a skeptical attitude towards metanarratives (see below). The latter are widely used in intellectual and historical projects. The metanarrative of Christianity, for example, is very convincing. Like Marxism, Marx built his philosophy as a reaction to the writings of Hegel, who claimed a kind of historical dialectic as the engine of progress. For Marx, this locomotive — the metanarrative — was the class struggle.

    We can see how strongly postmodernism reacted to this feature of Marxism — one of the great modernist projects. If I were writing an essay on this topic, I would build it around this notion of metanarrative and historical structure.”

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