2 Answers

  1. We are talking about the dispute between Newton and Leibniz about the priority of the discovery of differential and integral calculus and the role of Kant in this discussion.
    It is known that Leibniz and Newton worked on calculus in parallel, and Leibniz, while in London, read some of Newton's letters. Leibniz independently of Newton developed his version of the differential calculus, published work immediately, presumably, already knowing unpublished work of Isaac Newton; the scientific world harbored doubts with the sole discovery of differential and integral calculus by Leibniz to publish research Isaac Newton, who later took the appearing position in this dispute, winning, joining in the endless dispute over priority of discovery mechanisms infinitesimal functions.
    Immanuel Kant held the same views about the structure of matter that Newton himself held: in his main work, published before the criticism, “Universal Natural History and the theory of the sky”, he expounds the theory of Isaac Newton, attempting to prove the mechanistic structure of the world. According to mechanismism, the world has the source of its structure mechanical development according to the laws of natural science. In the last years of his life, Immanuel Kant attempted to overcome Newtonian physics and made the transition from a transcendental philosophy related to natural science to physics itself. The shortcomings of the Newtonian theory of structure were quite obvious: the Leibnizian calculus is not taken into account, the aspect of the methodological relationship of physics to the rest of natural science is not sufficiently developed: chemistry was considered then as an experimental teaching, the principles of chemistry are perfectly empirical, that is, they cannot be expressed in an a priori form, and already in later work chemistry was included by Kant

  2. In fact, Isaac Isaakovich and Gottfried Wilhelm argued not only on the issue indicated by the previous speaker. We know, for example, their theological discussion, the essence of which was reduced to the question of whether the Creator limited himself to the construction of the world, after which he moved away (Leibniz's opinion) or continues to regularly adjust his work (as Newton believed).

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