3 Answers

  1. Depends on the goal, as always, why to study.
    Here they advised a textbook on philosophy – as an option. I “sifted through” the best textbook on philosophy – I gave it to a friend a long time ago, and did not return. I don't know the author, nothing-it was philosophy in diagrams and comparison tables, where different directions and concepts were compared. 🤷‍♀️. You can also go to a lecture on introduction to philosophy, online for example. To some good lecturers. This is necessary in order to find out which question was answered and how it was answered, and which direction is closer to your goal.
    If the goal is not to write academic works, but rather “about life”, you can start with existentialists (Camus) or “borderline” philosophers who are at the intersection of philosophy and, for example, cultural studies/semiotics of culture. Bart is a good place to start, Eco, Foucault. If you want to go straight to hell, then you need to start with the pre-socratics and go from them to our time. Well, or from Plato. But here you need support, in the form of installation lectures again.

  2. First, read a textbook on the history of philosophy. For example, “History of Philosophy West-Russia-East” in 4 hours ed. Motroshilova N. V. Or any other. This way you can get a relatively succinct and concise idea of what philosophy is, how it was born and developed. Textbooks are good because they give a systematic picture and give a lot of names. And then, if some specific philosophers are interested separately, you will at least know where to dig.

    You can also try to read B. Russell's “History of Western Philosophy” or G. Hegel's “Lectures on the History of Philosophy”, but they are more complicated, you can hang out without preparation.

  3. Definitions are the best place to start. Then open Berdyaev and get acquainted with him ( In my opinion, he is a genius, especially I recommend the book “Self-knowledge”) At the same time, get acquainted with two trends at once: existentialism and personalism. You can get acquainted randomly, or you can consistently, for example, start with Antiquity and move incrementally. No one will give you a clear guide, if you come to the bookstore and you are interested in the last name, read it. Lao Tzu, for example, is very easy to read, especially parables, I advise. Read it, look for something for yourself, choose a current that you are interested in existentialism, for example, symbolism, Taoism, metaphysics, dualism, etc. At least you will have an idea in which direction to move, there is no point in covering everything at once, and perhaps you should delve into just one thing. Be sure to take M. Heidegger and �Theodor Adorno (Negative Dialetics).

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