2 Answers

  1. If the answer is short: whatever you want. Kant's ideas are adapted not only to the most diverse modern philosophical trends, but also to everyday disputes, some of which, as we remember from the news, end in shooting. Of course, in the course of adjustment, these ideas may be distorted, indeed they inevitably are, but in one way or another they continue to feed the current life of the mind.

    If the answer is expanded, then we can give two classic examples of the adaptation of Kant's ideas in (relatively) modern philosophy: “descriptive metaphysics” by P. F. Strawson, which in the 60s began the penetration of Kantianism into analytical philosophy, and” the theory of justice as honesty ” by John Rawls, which in the 70s awakened modern English-language political philosophy.

    If you answer with one Kantian quote, then, perhaps, here it is: “Enlightenment is a person's way out of the state of his minority, in which he finds himself through his own fault. Underage is the inability to use one's mind without guidance from someone else. Underage through one's own fault is one that is caused not by a lack of reason, but by a lack of determination and courage to use it without guidance from someone else. Sapere aude! “have the courage to use your own mind! “that, then, is the motto of the Enlightenment.”

  2. There are at least three crucial lessons that Immanuel Kant could teach the modern world:

    1. Reason should never be ignored: the mind can err in the deepest and most desperate ways, but it always has a chance to realize and correct its delusions.

    2. A person is always a whole and complete person: one cannot be a “half”, “quarter”, or “one-tenth” person, and all administrative, legal, and moral practices that ignore this circumstance and reify a person are essentially bad and unacceptable.

    3. War is always bad, without any “buts”, “if”, “in case”.

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