2 Answers

  1. The wiki has everything

    agnosticism: I don't know if there is a God or not, there will be evidence, then we will talk; and in general, such hypotheses, such as God or Russell's teapot, cannot be confirmed or refuted, so we enjoy ignorance

    Marxism: there is probably a higher power, but we don't know what it is
    skepticism: a general mess of doubts about certain aspects of religion, such as, I believe in God, but I won't pay for a candle
    relativism: moral relativism = every man for himself, what is good for one, bad for the other. I don't know about religious relativism
    Ignosticism: who is this god? Let's work out a clear statement
    pantheism all that is is God. God may also have no personality
    panentheism: everything that is is a part of God

    anti-christianity to:

    1) the myth of free will, supposedly, a person does not obey causality

    Hence the conclusions that a person is responsible for his actions, because, allegedly, at the time of making a decision, he is free

    2) categorical imperative: the wording (it consists of three parts) can be searched on the Internet, the general message is that a person is the highest value

    1+2= Kantian proof of the existence of God:

    Kant's morality is not connected with religion, morality is only moral when the meaning of performing a moral act is not to obtain benefits

    Based on the fact that human freedom does not fit into the determinism of the world, and morality is self-sufficient, moral actions are not for the sake of something, but in themselves are obligatory, Kant believed that this is all from God

    humeism: Hume tried to sit on two chairs. On the one hand, he questioned our ability to know. Similarly, he questioned our religious beliefs. But at the same time he allowed the deification of the root cause

  2. Agnosticism is a philosophical worldview that holds that a person has too little experience to know the supernatural (God or Gods). The agnostic may not deny that there are gods or a God, but he will claim that he has no experience, and therefore in practice he will behave as if the supernatural did not exist at all. This is neither a religious position nor a religion.

    Ignosticism (or religious non – cognitivism) is a type of radical irreligious skepticism, in which a person who adheres to this position believes that all definitions of God or gods are insufficient. As a rule, the ignosticist believes that human language cannot describe religious experience correctly, there are no such concepts in our language. Thus, the ignosticist differs from the agnostic in that for the agnostic we have no scientific experience to say whether there is a God or not, and the ignosticist claims that if something existed, we would never be able to describe it in principle, we have no language, and declares all religious concepts logically absurd and internally contradictory.

    Itsism is a form of modern religious liberalism, according to which “there is something”, and this “something” is supernatural, but we do not have any description of this something, and religions that describe something are false, Itsists do not believe in them. This is a very popular form of religiosity in modern times, because it gives a pleasant aesthetic experience, but you don't need to take any responsibility for your beliefs.

    Skepticism is a form of ancient philosophical worldview, in which doubt is put forward as the main principle and tool of thinking (“question everything”). The ancient skeptics, in their skepticism, went so far as to absolutely deny the possibility of judging anything at all. In a narrower sense, scientific skepticism refers to doubts about the truth of any experience that goes beyond what can be verified in a scientific way. Skepticism is not a religious concept, it is an epistemological position (in the sense that it is a position regarding what exactly is considered knowable).

    Relativism is a methodological attitude in cognition of reality, according to which the content of cognition is relative and conditional (depends on some factors). The most common forms of relativism are sophistic relativism – each person determines for himself the truth of his knowledge and experience (“A person is the measure of all things that exist – in that they exist, non-existent-in that they do not exist”), another popular form of relativism is cultural relativism – each culture determines for itself the morality and truth of its practices. Relativism is de facto a weakened form of radical skepticism and can easily be refuted. It is not a religion. Religious relativism is the belief that each religion is true for its own group of people or for each individual.

    Pantheism is a form of religion or philosophy that asserts the fundamental identity of God and the world. In pantheistic religions (Brahmanism, Hinduism), God generates the world from himself, in philosophical pantheism (for example, Hegel or Jung) – an objective Idea or an objective Spirit generates matter as a reflection of its principle in development. We can distinguish between static pantheism (The Ideal Principle or God gave birth to the world and it exists constantly or in cycles it goes inside the ideal, then it is generated again) and dynamic pantheism (the ideal gave birth to matter and now the ideal Principle develops endlessly, knowing itself only in material form). Thus F. Hegel and K. Jung-representatives of dynamic pantheism (my term) believed, the first-that the Absolute Spirit is aware of itself only in the ideal state (with its laws and orders), and the second – that the Absolute Spirit (God) is aware of itself only in the depths of the personal unconscious (“Self”). Pantheism is either a form of objective idealism or a form of some pagan religions (Taoism, Brahmanism, Hinduism).

    Panentheism is a form of religious philosophy in which the world is within God, but God and the world are fundamentally different, and God, although present in the world, exists outside of it. Panentheism is compatible with any monotheistic religion, but historically it is essentially a form of Christian religious philosophy. Panentheists were N. A. Berdyaev, S. N. Bulgakov and your humble servant. However, they were not consistent, in particular, they assumed that there is a “part of God” in the world. No, God is all present in the world, just not exhausted by this world and does not merge with it. On the contrary, the world is only “partly in God” and partly independent.

    Kantianism is the teaching of AND. Kant, a form of subjective idealism, the meaning of this teaching is to distinguish between the phenomenon (the phenomenon we know) and the thing-in-itself (the unknowable remainder) in the knowable reality. According to I. Kant, we have a priori forms of knowledge (pre – experimental)-these are time and space that enter our knowledge before we postulate it, and a posteriori (post-experimental), those that we have obtained in the course of ordinary or scientific knowledge. Kant was a religious irrationalist and believed that reason could find a complete solution to what Kant called antinomies (irremediable contradictions of reason) and he identified four antinomies that cannot be solved on the basis of experience – the first is that on the one hand the world is finite in space and time, and on the other it is infinite in space and time, the second is that the world is – The third antinomy is that every complex substance in the world consists of parts and, on the other hand, every substance does not consist of simple parts, the third antinomy is that causality, according to the laws of nature, is not the only causality, one must admit existence, and on the other hand, it is the only causality and there is no freedom, and the fourth is that there is a necessary essence that belongs to the world Kantianism itself does not create any religious position. Kant was a believer in God.

    D. Hume was an English philosopher who was fundamentally agnostic and criticized religion from the standpoint of agnosticism, see above. He believed that in our experience we can not find any evidence for the existence of substance-material and spiritual, and from this point of view denied the truth of any religion, pointing out that any religion is a combination of ideas obtained by experience and is a fiction of the imagination. In general, Hume clearly had a contempt for Christianity mixed with disgust, and he did not understand its religious problems.

    Something like that.

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