9 Answers

  1. To refute Solipsism is extremely difficult and at the same time very easy. It is difficult if you try to argue with a solipsist at the level of arguments, logic, reason – there will be one universal answer to any of your arguments: how do you prove that all this is not a figment of my own imagination? Strictly speaking, it is useless to argue with a solipsist.

    On the other hand, it has always seemed to me that any solipsist refutes Solipsism practically – with his very life. After all, he somehow interacts with the world around him, has some needs and strives to satisfy them, communicates with people. Finally, he writes books about his solipsism or gives lectures! If a person really seriously considers the world as a product of his imagination, then why should he argue about anything with this world? Why prove anything?

    Thus, it always seemed to me that solipsism, as a conscious worldview position, never existed. The most frequent examples from the history of philosophy – Berkeley, Fichte-were not really strict solipsists, they tended to objective idealism (in Berkeley – the figure of God, in Fichte-the Absolute Self). All others can take a solipsistic position rather in the form of a certain method of reasoning (this happens in Husserl's phenomenology), but not as a serious worldview position. So, Solipsism is refuted – because there are no solipsists!))

  2. Solipsism is an unsolved philosophical problem. It is usually just discarded, not refuted. Inside rationalism, this problem cannot be solved, rationality is closed in concepts, ideas, it simply does not need anything else, except for this load in itself.

  3. In fact, nothing. Since all sensations are processed within consciousness, we cannot distinguish between a false sensation and a real one. More precisely, we will never know what is really “real”, because we always perceive it through a subjective filter. As you know, delusions, hallucinations are possible at every level of the senses. Your brain can trick you in any direction. You can clearly see a big fluffy cockroach, touch its rough belly, smell it, lick it, and even talk to it about Kant's philosophy, and all this will be extremely plausible and no moment will differ from reality. And the brain, in fact, does not care whether the signal comes from outside or is somehow distorted in the subconscious area, for it this is all a real picture of the world. So you can't pinch yourself and wake up. You may even see this pinch. There were examples when a person under hypnosis was taught that a pencil in the hand of a hypnotist is a cigarette butt, “extinguished” it on the subject's hand, and a burn appeared in this place.

    We are very dependent on our brain's interpretation of events. We can say that completely.

  4. the play of imagination creates certain interactions in our vision. But you must agree that imagination does not always affect the story. You can imagine God when you pray to him, His imagination manifests, but sometimes the Lord Himself comes from the unmanifested.

  5. And why refute it? This is a thought experiment for the study of consciousness as such, in itself usually a stage of more research. True, a typical scarecrow for individualistic, Western societies. For personal-type societies, like the Russian one. just a method of checking your own capabilities and responsibilities. It is usually carried out in various forms without concentrating (if too much) on the philosophical side of the issue. For example, a solipsist (Masonic type) Pierre Bezukhov and Raskolnikov (in judicism in the loss of conscience)

  6. Rationally, logically nothing. The only thing that rationalism can prove is that the knowing subject, man, exists. But it is impossible to prove or refute the existence of the human body, the world around us, or other people.

    We can only trust our senses that everything around us really exists, and it is at least partially as we perceive it.

  7. Solipsism is not a belief, it is a fact. You're in your head and there's no other way. You don't exist – you feel, see, and hear that you exist precisely in order not to not be. Non-existence does not exist, but being is only what we see, hear, and feel.
    Ah, that's when faith is born in the logic of facts – in pure solipsism – that's when the charming chaos called “life” begins, and here the point is not in the faith itself, but in its harmless amount, so as not to fall into chaos.

  8. There are no logical arguments against the materiality and reality of the world. An attempt is being made to make “unsubstantiated” statements by solipsists in order to force the opponent to refute the unproven statement.

    At the same time, the” absence of real material “means that everything is imagined by a certain”solipsist”. We refute this idea-

    1. Solipsism is contradictory. The very discussion of it implies the possibility of comparing imaginary representations and true objective representations of the real world (beyond the control of the solipsist in any form-absolute denial of thinking, or collective solipsism or the divine source of imaginary representations).

    The idea of solipsism is not an axiom at all, it is not obvious and is not inevitable (like the axiom of the scientific method that “True representations of reality are consistent”! in this formulation, there is no subject for discussion at all, the rejection of the axiom is equal to the rejection of discussion), the idea of solipsism can be discussed! And as soon as the discussion begins, it is necessary to discuss the comparison of imaginary representations with material objective reality. Well, that's all, the very possibility of comparison and the “separate” term about “imaginability, illusory” immediately means that an unimaginable reality is allowed. And then it is precisely the solipsist who needs to refute the existence of objective reality – which is impossible.

    Solipsism is inherently contradictory, in any collective or divine form.

    1. Imagination is the essence of the desires and thoughts of the individual, but here's a surprise-the wishes of the solipsist do not come true )) I.e. imagination does not describe the whole reality – for example, you can not correct these words of mine in the text of my message.

    The Solipsist cannot remove any source of irritation from perception, which means that there is an unimaginable Material Reality and objective true ideas about it.

    1. You can safely bring the idea of a solipsist to completion and immediately see its absurdity. YES, solipsist, you're right! Yes, you are imaginary and illusory, and therefore all your arguments are imaginary absurdity.

    After all, the imaginary world can only be in one single instance, and of course in my mind and not in yours. There can only be one solipsist alive!

    So if the author of the question implies the possibility of arguments against materialism, then the author does not exist! After all, I exist, which means that the question and the author of the question are imaginary )) And by the way, I can refute it – and I do. And the author can't correct me in any way.

    PS-the idea of divine solipsism and a Brahman who sleeps and generates all imaginary things-does not change the essence. The person who told ME about this is clearly illusory and inspired by my higher self )) Therefore, we cross out everything inspired ))

    BecauseI can think for myself, so goodbye imaginary solipsists, your arguments are worthless.

    Descartes ' argument “I think, therefore I exist” is an ideal reference truth for any observer, and can be tested and repeated at any time.

    This is the only kind of truth that is the same for a Scientific method of cognition with a scientific experiment, and for Philosophical unsubstantiated reasoning. And this truth destroys solipsism in all its forms.

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