7 Answers

  1. It is not easy to understand in the context of which religion or philosophy you are asking this question, but I will answer from the position of Orthodox Christianity.

    The very concept of absolute is not conveniently applied to God within the framework of Orthodoxy, since it has been discredited by various philosophical speculations, nevertheless, it is quite fair to recognize God, for example, as the fullness of being, perfection and uncreatness, so in this sense It can be called the absolute.�

    The devil does not possess any of the above properties and is a creature, that is, a creation, so it would be wrong to build the antithesis of God and the devil, assuming in them some correlating forces, no, in Christian theology, the devil has absolutely no power before God, so the devil in relation to Him does not mean anything. And the juxtaposition of God and the devil as good and bad principles in conflict is possible in some dualistic system, like Zoroastrianism, but not in Christianity.

  2. The devil-originally was Lucifer-the planetary Spirit-master / ruler of the Earth, who suddenly changed the “sign” from plus to minus. God is the Absolute – he is generally impersonal. Abstractly, it can be represented as the personification of the forces of Order, the antipode is impersonal Chaos. Well, the devil is a local (local) time-limited phenomenon with its servants. His opponent was not God, but the closest Creators (Archangels or Kumars) of a level close to him (Lucifer), who were able to completely neutralize him not so long ago ~ 72 years ago.

  3. In my concept, God is everything that exists in the universe, but has a soul! The soul, of course, is given by God himself-the union of the spiritualized! The purpose of creating a soul is to continue life, learn the beginning and improve this life. Existence without a shake-up is dull and monotonous, so the spiritualized community created Vicious souls looking for adventure, greedy for transformation, striving to dominate! This category also includes Satan, the Devil and other varieties that, after a certain amount of time, get different names for the same vices! Anyone who has a soul can act on behalf of God and has received the permission of the commonwealth to do so by a majority vote! The first souls formed by the universe weren't vicious at all! Therefore, at the time of the creation of evil souls as engines of development, God (by uniting the spiritualized) had to go through a long way of doubt, weighing states, searching for diversity, versatile thinking, worry, creation and fall. Do not forget about joy, sincerity and love for yourself and others.

  4. God is a philosophical concept of the supreme Universal essence of the Creator or Absolute , he is not tied to any religion. Various incarnations and interpretations of God-Jesus, Allah, Krishna… These are all names for the same thing, all these stories in old religious books are retellings of the same thing with different branches and features.�

    The devil, in the usual sense, is an” entity ” inherent only in the Christian religion. So he is nothing more than a theological figure in the Christian church. As well as the Gods themselves (Jesus or, for example, Allah, the same characters of old fairy tales and stories), but they represent a general philosophical concept and touch on issues that go beyond the church and religion.

    It is not yet possible to talk about the real existence of the Devil or God, there is no objective scientific evidence and even hints at the existence of an “out-of-body”, “spiritual”, or “magical” force in the Universe visible for 13 billion light-years.

  5. The juxtaposition of God and the devil is something closer to Arianism, Gnosticism and other complex concepts of the beginning of our era and the Early Middle Ages.

    All Christian denominations, plus or minus, agree that the devil is a kind of symbol of free will, but this is not said out loud. It is also a criterion of how strong a person's faith is. Also on the life path of Jesus and many other figures in the biblical stories, there are temptations by the devil.

    Islam is even more fun. It initially implies that everything is already predestined by God, including the existence of the devil and the temptation of believers. Why-no one knows, because Muslims have developed the idea of incomprehensibility as much as possible.

    In Zoroastrianism, there is a strict dichotomy: the evil Archiman and the good Ormuzd. And everything is developing around this conflict.

    Most pagans (I wanted to write all of them, but suddenly) do not have a strict division into Good and Evil, because the Slavs equally successfully worshipped Svarog with Dazhdbog and rather gloomy deities like Stribog and Semargl, the Greeks Hades is rather an official who manages hell, and the Germanic peoples do not have evil deities at all, because Loki rather jokes badly than does evil, and Ragnarok will be arranged by undivine jotuns and others like them. In more exotic religions, for example, the Aztec, good gods have such characteristics that evil ones are not necessary.

  6. I, as a supporter of Spinoza's understanding of the essence of God, will answer that the devil does not exist, and in general, this or that phenomenon, thing, etc.are not bad or good in themselves, it is determined by people themselves. Spinoza defines God as a perfect and extended absolute (the universe, nature with its laws, attributes, contrasting man, he is not a substance, but a mode), he denies the existence of the devil, since this attribute is infinite and perfect God can not create. I quote: “People, after they have formed certain general concepts, have connected and compared things with them, and from this they have formed the concepts of what is good and what is bad; they have called things good in so far as they agree with general concepts, and bad in so far as they differ from them and do not agree with them, so that good and bad are nothing but mental entities or modes of thinking” (Spinoza, Treatise “On God, Man and His Happiness”).

  7. The devil is a product of God. Or you can put it another way: the devil is a consequence of God's actions. But if the second one by definition knew that his actions would lead to the appearance of the first one, then why did he initially allow this series of events? And then the fun begins……..

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