4 Answers

  1. Among the philosophers was Eric Hoffer.

    Eric Hoffer didn't go to school for a day because he was blind as a child. By the time he reached adulthood, his vision had returned, but it was too late. He was a tramp and a seasonal worker picking peas.

    And in 1936 before – thirty-four? thirty-eight? Biographers argue. – summer workers faced a terrible inevitability – they had to switch from peas to beans.

    “Can I pick beans?” Eric thought, and decided to ignore the inevitable, go to California and try his luck in the gold mines.

    When he went into a bookstore for the first time in his life, he immediately noticed the book “Idiot” on the shelf – and remembered his father's stern shout: “Well, what are you going to do with this idiot?”.

    So in ' thirty-six, to pass the winter, an idiot went to a bookstore and bought the thickest book. These were Montaigne's “Experiments”.

    Gold mining didn't work out, but the other seasonal workers kept asking Eric what he was reading and rereading. Eric was sharing.

    The fat volume was returned with a surprised exclamation: “Are you kidding, brother? Is that your philosophy? Yes, I can write such a book myself!”.

    “But that's the point! And I can! He's ours, you know? Not egghead! ” – said Eric. He didn't like eggheads to death.

    In 1943, he got a job as a longshoreman. Forty dollars a week was enough for a fun life. His room was located not far from the Central Library of San Francisco, where he went after work, read Russian classics and wrote a book.

    The book was published eight years later, called “A Man of Conviction” – and if you were studying to be a sociologist, then you read it.

    Short biographies like to write that longshoreman Hoffer, who did not go to school for a day, in-sixty-two? sixty-six? Biographers argue. – became a professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

    This is not entirely true.

    He never taught because he hated eggheads to death.

    He was given the position of associate professor, access to the library and office. There he sometimes received curious students, read Russian classics – and wrote books.

  2. In addition to the already mentioned Hoffer and Dietzgen, I will mention a couple of more significant names.

    Jacob Boehme was a shoemaker, and Benedict [Baruch] Spinoza made a living polishing lenses.

  3. Joseph Dietzgen was a leather worker, for example. He independently came to conclusions close to Marx's philosophy and wrote a book. Having become familiar with Marxism, he abandoned his own theory, as less developed, and became a Marxist.

  4. You have a somewhat confusing picture of the world) Reality looks a little different…

    The philosophical view does NOT depend on security in general. It depends on the level of a person's intellectual or spiritual needs. There are some – a person acquires a philosophical view. If they are his priority, he becomes a philosopher. At the same time, he can be a homeless man and a beggar, like Diogenes, or he can be the ruler of half the world, like Marcus Aurelius.

    If a person does not have such needs, he devotes his life exclusively to satisfying material needs. And satisfies them because of the development of their talents.

    And if he finds no other way to satisfy his material needs than by working, he becomes a worker.

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