2 Answers

  1. The concept of God in Judaism is a religious concept that was formed gradually. God in Judaism was originally the god of the Jewish people, whose main requirement was to worship only him, and not other gods (whose existence was not disputed). Over time, this idea was transformed into the idea of a single universal god, which then absorbed elements of Greco-Roman philosophy. Although God in his later interpretations is presented as an abstract entity, it is not difficult to notice in him elements of anthropomorphism, which the theology of subsequent centuries often opposed, and a personal character.

    The idea of the One in Platonism is of a different nature. This is a philosophical concept, the appearance of which is associated with the understanding by Greek philosophers of the need for a simple and unified beginning of the world. The idea of such a beginning was shared by many: from Parmenides to Aristotle and beyond. The One as a philosophical concept is completely abstract, not anthropomorphic and devoid of personal nature. It is pointless to pray to it, it is impossible to enter into a dialogue with it, it does not interfere with the natural course of events.

    The idea of the creation of the world is also different. In the Abrahamic religions, God appears as the creator of the world, who creates the world out of nothing by his own act of will. In Neo-Platonism, the world is born out of the One by means of an emanation, that is, as it were, the “shedding” of the fullness of the One into the world. The One in Neo-Platonism does not create the world, but simply is its source.

    I should add one more thing. Later concepts of God in Judaism, such as Kabbalah, were influenced by Greco-Roman philosophy. As a result, they are much more similar to Late Antique philosophy.

  2. imagine that Judaism has nothing to do with Plato or his “insights” or any Greek philosophy at all.

    Some people write- “The G-d of the Jews” or “the G-d of the Old Testament” or some other similar nonsense, There is only one G-d, the Creator of heaven and earth, about whom and on behalf of whom there is a speech in the Tanakh-the Jewish canon of Sacred books, You can read here https://toldot.ru/limud/library/

    G-d gave the Jews not just commandments , He gave the Jews through the commandments the concept of the world in which any person lives, and this world is definitely not the world of Plato, Aristotle, etc. no matter how sometimes it may seem that Judaism agrees with Plato in some ways, never in anything.

    This” similarity”, for example, is often used by Christian missionaries substituting concepts, engaging in demagogy

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