2 Answers

  1. The concept of intelligent selfishness suggests that the goal of life is to obtain selfish pleasures, even if taking into account all the consequences of such behavior throughout life.

    But evolutionarily this is not the case. The pleasure mechanism has evolved as a tool for increasing the adaptability of the species. Therefore, the concept of egoism is in any case a substitution of cause (adaptability of the species) for effect (pleasure).

    The situation is compounded by the fact that people have learned to hack into the mechanisms of pleasure and get it bypassing the original goal-with the help of drugs, debauchery, excess, vanity and all the deadly sins.

    Here it is necessary to add that the evolutionary theory is applicable to humanity with the amendment that its evolution has moved from the genetic to the cultural level. That is, the evolutionary goal is not only to spread your genes, but also your culture. And the mechanism of pleasure already partially takes this into account, as can be seen in the example of the pleasure of teaching young people or messianism.

  2. Rational egoism theory is an ethical concept, according to which a person is by nature not only a selfish being, guided in behavior by considerations of profit and benefit, striving to get as much pleasure out of life as possible, but also reasonable, able to limit their egoistic aspirations.

    If selfishness in a person completely suppresses the voice of conscience and begins to control the change in self-consciousness, it turns out that in the XIX century it was called degeneration or degeneration. The essence of the ethical concept of “reasonable selfishness” was that people should meet their needs “reasonably”, then they will not contradict the interests of individuals and society as a whole, but, on the contrary, will serve them. By the end of the 19th century, this theory was reborn in establishing the fundamental priority of personal needs over any other. In everyday consciousness, reasonable selfishness is the ability to live your own interests without neglecting the values of other people, as this is short-sighted and unprofitable for one reason or another.It is believed that selfishness begins to dominate if parenting tactics are aimed at consolidating high self-esteem and egocentrism. As a result, a strong focus on personal experiences, interests and needs is formed. Subsequently, selfishness and indifference to other people and their inner world can lead to loneliness, and the surrounding world will be perceived as hostile.

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