10 Answers

  1. Oddly enough, any. The question statement assumes that the questioner already knows something about philosophy. “Learn more” is already a question of either how to continue, or how to expand your philosophical horizons.

    In the first case, you should start from existing interests. If you are attracted to ancient philosophy, then you should definitely read Plato's dialogues. If it is existentialism, then do not torment yourself with ancient authors, because “it is necessary to know”, read Kierkegaard. There, you see, and naturally stumble upon what you need to know and at the same time it becomes clear why.

    In the second case, I would recommend starting with articles and lectures before jumping into any books. You will always have the opportunity to delve into the question and at the same time you will not waste time on something that may be incomprehensible or uninteresting. The main thing here is to understand that this format is not exhaustive.

  2. I think that it is very good to start with M. Mamardashvili's text “How I understand philosophy”. Also, you can read a fragment from Plato's “State” – “The Myth of the Cave”.

    Then, I would recommend reading the following texts (in any order): I. Kant's “What is Enlightenment”, any of Sartre's works of fiction (“Nausea”, “The Wall”, etc.), Camus's” The Myth of Sisyphus”, Nietzsche's” Thus Spake Zarathustra”, Plato's dialogues” Phaedrus”,” Menon”,” The Feast”,” Phaedo”, Machiavelli's” The Sovereign “(a bit of social and political philosophy) and then finishing off” Overcoming Metaphysics ” by R. Carnap.

    For the most part, the presented texts are not overloaded with complex terms and will allow you to form a more or less clear idea of philosophy. Although, there is no doubt that many of the texts in this list may be overlooked.

  3. If you want to understand philosophy, then start your acquaintance with Plato's dialogues. Here is a short sequence:
    “Apology of Socrates”
    “Hippias the Lesser”, “Alcibiades I”, “Lysis”
    “Hippias the greater”, “Menon”
    “Pir”, “Phaedrus”, “Phaedo”, “Theaetetus”

    Once you've mastered these dialogs, you can start making logical dialogs.:
    “Sophist”, “Parmenides”, “Philebus”

    Such an acquaintance will give you an independent understanding, and not faith in the words of any authors of review textbooks and manuals.

  4. There is a two-volume book “120 philosophers” by A. P. Taranov. This is the best (so far) that I have read (and read from time to time), succinctly, in fact, with excellent author's remarks and reflections.
    I recommend it to everyone, although I didn't find it on sale, I need to look for it..

  5. “Psychology” – David Myers
    “Introduction to Psychoanalysis” – Sigmund Freud
    “Simulacra and Simulations” – Jean Baudrillard
    “Conversations and Judgments” – Confucius
    “Nicomachean Ethics” – Aristotle
    “On duties” – Cicero

  6. Philosophy is like medicine, there are a lot of areas. If you generally want to expand your horizons, then choose textbooks for universities and colleges. It is written briefly and clearly about the main philosophical trends. Then use your experience to determine which philosophical school is closer to you. Find this philosopher on Wikipedia, and at the bottom of the article there will be a list of references. Download/buy and that's it)

  7. To begin with, the book” History of Philosophy ” by the authorship of anyone. It contains the most important information about what to look for and what you can find in general. From myself, I will advise the” Philosophy of the name ” Losev. Good though sometimes complicated kmizhentsiya.

  8. At one time, when I studied philosophy at the university, I really liked Afanasyev's textbook “Fundamentals of Philosophical Knowledge”.

    I sat down, read, and passed the exam for “five” 🙂

    I recommend it first.

    Then decide for yourself what you need next.

    It is good to study philosophy in conjunction with psychology.

    Otherwise, just philosophy will be a little out of touch with life.

  9. you can read a lot of books on philosophy and not understand anything, in order to understand world philosophy, you need to have your own sanity! The gifted advance society by improving the living conditions of others!

  10. It is better to start with review books – philosophers have a habit of writing long and indistinct, and if you want to learn more about “philosophy” in general, you should not immediately dive into one person.

    I can recommend Bertrand Russell's” History of Western Philosophy ” – he is a significant person himself, and the book is good.

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