2 Answers

  1. Two versions to choose from: from theological dogmatics and sociobiology.

    In Christian Orthodoxy (more precisely, in our Eastern Christian), the cause is called damage to the personal (hypostatic) will, with the help of which a person chooses between bad and good, but often makes mistakes. The “choosing” personal will is set up to get more pleasure and less suffering, this in principle helps to survive, but often suggests wrong decisions :it is difficult to keep within the boundaries beyond which useful pleasure becomes harmful, it is difficult to persuade yourself to suffer now for the sake of something good in the future. The natural will invested in each person remains intact and suggests what a person really needs, but the hypostatic will, like a bad compass, always leads away.�

    In fact, the theory (developed by Maximus the Confessor in the seventh century) is more complicated, it is only the most general outline. Such an idea, on the one hand, explains why Jesus Christ was without sin: because his person (by fasting) was divine, and not human. On the other hand, it justifies monastic asceticism, in which one of the main components is “cutting off the will”, complete obedience to an experienced mentor.

    For comparison – the version from evolutionary biology. (How similar it is to the first one-you can decide for yourself).�

    Humans are social beings, so natural selection occurs at two levels at once: between individuals (individuals) within communities (populations) and between communities (populations). In such a competition, two strategies are possible for everyone, if simplified: selfishness and altruism. The egoistic strategy of “playing” in one's favor to the detriment of others brings success to the individual within the population, while in the competition between populations, on the contrary, the more altruistic ones win.�

    This means that over many repetitions, human populations have learned to suppress egoistic actions (“sins”), but only to a certain extent, because individuals, each separately, still benefit from such a strategy-as long as others do not punish. And there will always be such a contradiction between the two selection logics and the two strategies, and it cannot be resolved permanently.

  2. Sins are defined as a list of 7 or 10? Just in the list of 7, in my opinion, sins are instincts: eat, sweat,relax, fight with a neighbor for territory. In general, it is the instincts, the thirst for pleasure that make people sin. A list of 7 questions about the person-to-person relationship.

    The list of 10 sets out administrative rules that mainly relate to the relationship between man and God (do not create an idol for yourself, believe in the one God, do not say the name of God in vain). Why does a person violate them? For example, out of habit. Or because a neighbor does it. There are such problems with all administrative regulations. Traffic rules are also violated “out of habit”, because another person does it, it's not so serious, they are not afraid of punishment.

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