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  1. If we understand agnosticism as a worldview position (“we don't know how it works there – whether there are gods, or not, or something else”), then Kant was not an agnostic. He was a Protestant Christian, sometimes even called the “Thomas Aquinas of Protestantism” – in the sense that he was a kind of general systematizer of Protestant philosophy.

    If we are talking about the unknowability of the “thing in itself” that is behind the phenomenon, then this is the most important and at the same time contradictory element of its philosophy. Contradictory – because we know from somewhere that (1) the thing itself exists and (2) it is different from the phenomenon. As Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi said, without a thing in itself it is impossible to enter the Kantian system, and with it it is impossible to remain in it any longer.

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