4 Answers

  1. Yes, philosophy teaches us to forget (Mamardashvili) or to die (Plato, Montaigne). To philosophize is to learn to die. In another language: philosophize — first of all, make a reduction (putting ready-made opinions and ideas “out of brackets”). In other words, “dying” here is a symbol of clearing oneself of assessments, ready-made opinions and concepts. You look at the world through the eyes of a child (“be like children”), through the eyes of a person who “saw the world for the first time”. What does this mean? You can see things that you didn't notice before and that couldn't fit into your picture of the world. But inside is another structure, the structure of consciousness, which opens up in the “liberated” space.

  2. Philosophy often brings a person closer to the truth itself, and when a person realizes this very truth, it becomes either easier or more difficult for him, and he decides that he does not need to live like this anymore. After all, the truth is not always sweet.

    This statement most likely has an ambiguity, in which I think the topic of the immortality of the soul is touched upon.

  3. Montaigne, in fact, only repeats the idea of Socrates, who was sentenced to death by an Athenian court. In the Phaedo, Socrates explains to his friends why a philosopher is not afraid of death: “Those who are truly devoted to philosophy are, in fact, engaged in only one thing – dying and dying. People usually don't notice this, but if this is the case, it would certainly be absurd to spend all your life striving for one goal, and then, when it turns out to be near, resent what you have been practicing so long and with such zeal!” When asked to explain, Socrates says that death represents the separation of the soul from the body, and a true philosopher should not pursue bodily pleasures, and only the soul is the object of his work, so death is beneficial. Then, indeed, the immortality of the soul is proved.

  4. To be able to go beyond being, to give ourselves up to something violent and come back from where we came, and now to philosophize-this is something that we will leave with, but the only thing that we will not lose even in non-existence.

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