3 Answers

  1. What: there are entrepreneurs all calibers up to billionaires, are the officials of all ranks up to the high level, there are figures of all the arts (artists, writers, musicians, performance, writers, etc.), there are political activists who are homeless, there are monks of various religions, there is a variety of consultants (including strictly philosophical), there are journalists, employees of publishing houses, advertising agencies, broadcasters, research and pr companies, and, of course, the teachers within the academic system. They earn from zero to billions. Employment of a philosopher is a philosophical problem: no guarantees. At the same time, you decide for yourself whether to engage in philosophy and in what form.

  2. In fact, modern philosophy is now divided: continental and analytical-a dichotomy of the philosophy of today. Continental philosophy includes the following people: Husserl, Schutz, Scheler, Heidegger, Jaspers, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty. The analytical category includes, for example, J. Moore, Russell, Frege, Wittgenstein, Tarsky, Carnap, Popper, Kuhn, Feyerabend.
    Today, they are at war with each other. Analysts are only related to other analysts, and they are not friends with the continental philosophers. The Continents respond in kind.
    The analytical movement in philosophy, which is primarily associated with the authority of Anglo-Saxon authors, is second to none in at least two respects:
    1) it overshadows European continental philosophy with an abundance of authors and publications
    2) analytical philosophy is much closer to science.
    And if Heidegger was more interested in considering the question of being, Wittgenstein was more interested in considering the relationship between language, logic, and facts. He believed that language and facts have a common logical structure, and he also proposed basic propositions for his philosophy that are very authoritative among other analysts. I will list some of them:
    Thoughts are a logical picture of a fact.
    What is impossible to talk about should be kept silent.
    A sentence is a truth function of elementary sentences.

    Heidegger, in turn, was more interested in the existence of a person, a subject. First of all, he turned to the category of human existence. Being a person is dasein and should be interpreted as the presence of a person here and now. And not as a frozen state, but as a mobile state.

    In short, analytical philosophers are more interested in the scientific field than in metaphysics and human existence. Continental philosophy, on the other hand, believes that such questions, which analysts avoid, are mandatory for consideration and should be considered first. Analytical philosophers, as a result, are engaged in more applied philosophy.

    Unfortunately, I can't answer the question about earnings, so please excuse me.

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