2 Answers


    1. “What was before: egg or chicken?”

    Two concepts “EGG” and “CHICKEN” are given, and in a SERIES of SEQUENTIALLY DEVELOPED CONCEPTS (RPRP), it is necessary to find the concepts preceding each of them.

    In the RPRP, “EGG” is preceded by “CHICKEN”, because the concept of “embryo” (or others ) we can ignore those that are not of interest to us in the formulation of the question.

    In the RPRP, the neglected concept for” CHICKEN “is” chicken”, but not” cracked egg (from which the chicken is trying to hatch)”, because in the formulation of the question, attention is not focused on the obligation to consider only the egg of the integral state, i.e. for” CHICKEN ” the previous one is not the concept on which the question is focused, but its variety.


    1. The concept of “Immobile (Achilles)” is given, which does not consist in the RPRP and the absence of a dynamic state in which is veiled by movements, which, following Zeno, we also produce by rearranging this concept to the previous positions in the RPRP of the concept of “Moving (turtle)” – this is the whole mystery of this Zeno's aporia. Even Usain Bolt can't compete with the turtle in this way…

    2. The essence of the “Liar”paradox:

    a) “I am lying” – the phrase describing the previous position of the INDIVIDUAL (And-yes) in the RPRP is presented as referring to the present position. Each of the two variants of the wording (“saying that I'm not lying” and “saying that I'm lying”) can be positionally equivalent to the previous one for this formulation in the RPRP.

    b) Eubulida – on the concept that represents the present, final position of I-da in the RPRP DIFFERENTIATING it from the GROUP of I-dov / “All Cretans are liars” /the concept that represents the previous position of I-da in the RPRP INTEGRATING it with the GROUP of I-dov is deliberately superimposed/.

  2. Russell's paradox is unique, there are only a few formulations of it. For example, the barber's paradox:

    There is a barber in the village who shaves only those who do not shave themselves. Question: Does the barber shave himself? If we answer “no”, we get that the village barber does not shave himself, therefore, he must shave himself-a contradiction. If he shaves himself, then it turns out that he is among his clients who should not shave on their own-also a contradiction.

    The “liar's paradox”is also interesting. There are two statements: 1) I always lie. 2)The Cretan said that all Cretans are liars. Did the Cretan tell the truth?

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