- Why did everyone start to hate the Russians if the U.S. did the same thing in Afghanistan, Iraq?
- What needs to be corrected in the management of Russia first?
- Why did Blaise Pascal become a religious man at the end of his life?
- How do I know if a guy likes you?
- When they say "one generation", how many do they mean?
Anamnesis is Plato's theory of cognition as remembering. The point of the problem that Plato was trying to solve was to answer the question: how can we reason about ideal relations and categories if they are not given to us in experience? For example, where does the idea of a “point” that has no dimensions come from, if everything we perceive in experience has dimensions; or the idea of “justice”, if in the real world we don't actually see perfect justice?
To answer this question, Plato suggested that it is inherent in man to know all ideas, and that material things serve only as reminders of these ideas. For example, a beautiful picture is a reminder of the idea of beauty, someone's good deed evokes in us the memory of the idea of justice, and, say, a crooked triangle drawn on paper helps us to think about an abstract geometric triangle and even catch (remember)some common patterns for all triangles. This, according to Plato, is the anamnesis.
Looking ahead, the problem that Plato was trying to solve turned out to be one of the most difficult in the history of philosophy, and the development and analysis of different approaches to it is still one of the most significant topics in philosophy.
Plato is a surprisingly deep thinker who accurately grasped the key problems of cognition. It is also surprising that he understands that the world of ideas is outside the person, and the person of ideas only “remembers”. In modern language, this is the idea that a person is connected to the world's mental (semantic, informational) field, from which he draws his knowledge, when he puts questions correctly and is ready to hear them in resonance with this topos. I think that we are already close to solving the problem of the nature of cognition, as well as the problem of psychophysical parallelism. Well, many thanks to Plato for his providential insights.
Plato is a pure Western philosopher and the basis of his writings is built on the knowledge of previous knowledge and anamnesis.Anamnesis is intuitive knowledge,but this knowledge is not derived from the original source.Intuitiv knowledge is semi-knowledge in which there is no concreteness. This is not a monad, but a pendulum! This is my personal opinion!!! With respect.