2 Answers

  1. In the context of the history of philosophy, dualism refers to philosophical trends that postulate the existence of two substances, for example, consciousness and matter, equal, self-sufficient and autonomous from each other. Substance in philosophy is called the primary basis, that of which everything else consists.

  2. Dualism is when one object or concept has two (opposite) purposes (explanations). For example, light is dual: on the one hand, light behaves as a wave, and sometimes as a particle. Or Robin Hood. He's a thief and a criminal. But at the same time, he is a positive character: he helped the poor, fought against the dictatorship.

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