5 Answers

  1. Metaphysics tries to match the observed with such an unobservable that the observed is deduced from the unobservable.

    Many people think that metaphysics is useless, but Popper convincingly showed that scientific progress is impossible without it, since any scientific hypothesis is essentially metaphysical. And strictly speaking, it does not cease to be metaphysical, even if it has predictive power. That is, gravity is a metaphysical entity. We don't observe it directly; we assume it to account for a multitude of observable phenomena. The example of gravity shows what good metaphysics looks like – it is constructive, not arbitrary. Bad metaphysics is not constrained by anything, it allows you to deduce anything from yourself, which means nothing concrete.

  2. Metaphysics is a purely speculative (i.e., without reference to experience) knowledge of the general laws of being (metaphysica generalis or ontology), as well as the world as a whole, God, and the immortality of the soul (metaphysica specialis).

    “Metaphysics, a completely isolated speculative cognition by reason, which completely rises above the knowledge from experience.

    The inevitable problems of the purest mind are God, freedom, and immortality. A science whose ultimate goal is to use all its means to achieve only the solution of these problems is called metaphysics”

    Immanuel Kant

  3. Metaphysics means above or in at least beyond the ordinary, visible and concrete. That is, something that cannot be observed and recorded by ordinary human senses and physical advanced devices. Nevertheless, in ontology and philosophy, “metaphysics” is a term that refers to a science that deals with real and permanent being, as opposed to unreal, illusory and manifest being. And our manifest (phenomenal) world is just so illusory from the point of view of Creation. Because Creation is both the visible and invisible world. Metaphysics describes ( studies) this invisible world.

    Physics studies only the phenomena of the material world and has very sparse data on the causes of many phenomena. What is the cause of gravity? Newton's law describes the interaction, but does not answer the question of where it comes from, what is the source of this phenomenon. And metaphysics knows the answer.

    For students of Kabbalah or Hermetic philosophy, metaphysics is the philosophy of physics.

  4. Metaphysics exists only when physics is not sufficiently understood.

    “…the name of metaphysics has also become obsolete. Natural phenomena from the lowest to the highest belong to the physical realm. It is impossible to introduce opposition and separation where there is one indivisible basis.

    Metaphysics was also formed during the secret alchemy. Unfortunately, then researchers had to hide from the attacks of ignorance and hypocrisy. Now there is no need to drive science into the basement.”©Records of the Teaching of Living Ethics. 25.03.1940г.

  5. The prefix “meta” means something that exists “before” and “outside” (between, after, through, etc.). Metadata is a plan/drawing of the structure and functionality of “data”, meta-question is what “questioning” itself is built on, metaphysics is what all physics is based on.

    Physics, of course, is based on the recognition (at least) of the real existence of what “it studies” (its subject of study) and the recognition of the “possibility of studying” (the subject of physics), as well as on the recognition of some research methods as permissible and others as unacceptable (the scientific method). But as far as I know, no one calls these real fundamentals of physics “metaphysics”.

    And they call metaphysics the mythical (speculative) primary basis of everything “physical”, supposedly giving the possibility of an a priori knowledge of the “nature of things” (ideas of these “things”). Classes in such “metaphysics” are a favorite pastime of philosophers of all stripes and lovers of theorizing (“thinking” that the main ideas that they “came up with” came from” metaphysics “in a miraculous way, since they themselves are not able to figure out how, what and where they really “come up with”). I.e., metaphysics is actually called “principles of pure reason” (eternal radiance and wing of the philosophical mind).

    So you can freely think of anything as “metaphysics” (except for reality, of course!). Perhaps it is you who will be “lucky” and become famous for the new philosophy (like Kant or Plato).

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