8 Answers

  1. I remember when I was probably in the seventh grade, I suddenly realized that it wasn't me who was stupid, but they – the teachers and the school in general – were doing something wrong.

    But I also suddenly understood about my parents.

    Then there was a university. And I sit in a lecture and realize that we are being taught incorrectly. What's the right thing to do?

    Then I was left to work in the department. And I myself began to teach young people. I was lucky: there were some older comrades nearby, who began to explain to me what was going on. So I ended up in philosophy.

    For me personally, philosophy is about how and what I should do to make my own life comfortable. But we are not talking about material things. This is strictly about the soul. I agree that those who need material things have nothing to do with philosophy. This is exactly the answer, as I understand the original question, that its author needs.

  2. After all, philosophy is the science on which all others are based; it is fundamental. Mathematics, methods of conducting experiments and experiments in the natural science field are built on logic and metaphysics. Modern psychology, which studies everyday phenomena (“boomerang law”, “alternative thinking”) intersects with the philosophical art of reasoning, as well as elements of religion, for example, one of the main questions of philosophy about the existence of God is based not on a sensual and instinctive understanding of the nature of the world, but with a clearly designed course of thought direction, the principles of which are strictly defined by the scientist.

    Philosophers created their own spaces, their own abstract universes, and when designing in them, they superimposed their creations on the real world. For example, geometry with Euclidean postulates, or even Lobachevsky's non-Euclidean geometry – branches of mathematics, of course, that have found application in modern technologies.

    If refined, then philosophy is a science that studies the interaction of a person with the world from a fundamental point of view.

    P.S. I don't have a philosophy degree. If you are wrong or exaggerated, please let us know.


  3. Christian Philosophy

    Georgy Petrov 2

    Usually, people perceive the world around them and themselves, being content with the ideas of “common sense”, which glides on the surface of things, without penetrating into their essence. Such people are always at the mercy of popular opinions and stereotypes, they do not have an independent life position, they are not able to justify their ideals and values.

    The path of rational thinking, the path of Christian philosophy, leads to the depths of human existence, makes us think about many things that are unknown to ordinary “tHinking”, it not only reveals problems and contradictions more often, but also is able to give a correct idea of what our human being is and what its meaning is.

    Christian philosophy is not a kind of abstract knowledge; on the contrary, it is in life itself that its most serious, most profound worldview problems originate, and it is here that its main field of interest lies. At the same time, it is important to keep in mind that a person trying to comprehend reality should be critical of what is becoming obsolete and obsolete, and at the same time – search in real life itself, in its contradictions, for the means and directions of their further development.

    The culture of thought that Christianity brings with it cannot be imposed against one's own will and desire. On the path leading to intelligence, a person must make an effort, he needs the exertion of all his intellectual forces and abilities. Otherwise, he will remain a prisoner of the imposed dogmas, and the philosophy of life will remain an unread book for him.

    They say that every time has its own philosophy. These words have a certain meaning, but it is precisely in our days that a thinking person faces with particular urgency the question of the primary need to find the meaning of his own being and transform his attitude to life. One's own life practice is a sphere of purely personal interests, from which a person can only get an incentive to solve their problems, where the true reality and power of human thinking are manifested.

    On the temple of Apollo is inscribed: “Know thyself.” The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates reinterpreted the Delphic call in the spirit of rejecting fruitless speculation about the world as a whole and put it at the heart of his ethics “virtue is knowledge”. “There is only one richness – knowledge and one evil-ignorance,” he said. Self-knowledge, and above all the knowledge of one's moral nature, is a precondition for a virtuous and happy life. Socrates made a revolution from the consideration (outside) of nature to the consideration (in itself) of man.

    Philosophy is the love of wisdom. Wisdom is the knowledge of oneself and the meaning of one's own existence, while the beginning of wisdom is the fear of God – the very horror of non – existence that is overcome by the realization of oneself not as a mortal body, but as a soul only temporarily clothed in flesh. Such knowledge implies both the possibility and the ability of a person to make a reasonable choice from the set of proposed definitions of human nature and its life.

    Christianity as a philosophy of life begins with the choice of Truth and God, a choice to which all personal existence is subordinated as following not instincts, but the Will of God, a choice that is translated into being by repeating life, as the Path indicated by Jesus Christ-the Embodiment of Truth. The Christian sees his main task in building in himself a system of worldview (the Kingdom of God), based on Truth, which would meet the exacting requirements of Reason, would correspond to the worldview of God …� “transition from myth to logos” – this is a brief formula for the birth of Christian philosophy.

    The world is created, this is the first consequence of the work of the human mind, which recognizes itself as an instrument of knowledge, an image (thoughts) and likeness (relations) of God himself, building a system of relations in itself according to the “proposed model” – Christ Jesus, whose indubitable existence forms the basis of the Christian worldview. Any limitation for the mind is a misunderstanding of the very way of its being as a” movement “of thought directed not at finite and limited “objects”, but at something actually infinite and unlimited, the very existence of which is LIFE. And here the main thing is to understand that the life of God is not the existence of nature.

    The whole of nature does not live, but exists as a kind of “mechanism” that aims at educating human souls, preparing them for the birth of the spirit in them from the Holy Spirit, which (only) makes man a “partaker of the Divine nature.” The biblical image of the “Wisdom of God” is more understandable to modern people as a quantum computer (information and genetic machine), created by God BEFORE the creation of the material world. The created world itself is an object of scientific knowledge, and self-knowledge lies in the depths of one's own being and is directed precisely at the subject of thinking, as which a person is able to accept himself.

    The difference between an object and a subject is elementary. The object has no self-awareness. It does not have its attributes: purpose, meaning, will, etc. Any system of objects up to the universe does not have these properties either. The subject or their system can have goals, desires, plans, etc. If we consider nature as the totality of subjects and objects, then nature can have both meaning and purpose. But any goal and any meaning can only be given to it by subjects, and not exist initially. The main thing is that this meaning and purpose should be fulfilled within the framework of the laws of nature.

    If a person is an integral part of nature, then he can know nature and provide it with this knowledge, as long as and insofar as the boundaries of this knowledge do not go beyond nature itself. A “natural” person can see his own existence as the maximum possible goal of his own existence only within the framework of the eternity of the” life ” of nature itself, but if he is to set his eternal existence as the goal and meaning of his own personal existence, then a person simply needs to go beyond nature, search for and find in himself that possible way of being that

    You just need to understand that if everything created (material) can be translated into digital form and formulas, then God (Personality) is not a “number”. His life takes place outside the framework of this (digitized) world, and our existence only appears to us as “life”, which, however, we are not able to give a digestible meaning until and since we do not “connect” ourselves with the life of the Word of God – the Truth. The Life of God is the Embodiment of Truth = God is Love, and if our soul (consciousness) lives by the Word of God, then His Kingdom will be built in us as a system of proper human relations that has its origin in God – the Word, and not in a dead (in fact) figure.

    The main life impulse of a thinking person is the Image of Truth that God – Jesus Christ-has revealed to the world and to people … whose being is the Way, the Truth, and the Life. A Christian knows nothing but God and the Truth, and his life consists in affirming the Word of God in himself, striving to remain a human being (image and likeness) every moment of life, allowing events around him to flow as they please.

    A Christian “carries his cross” through life, trying not to do anything that does not correspond to the Embodied Love and sense of personal responsibility before God for the maintenance of his soul. The attitude to the inner state in an attempt to “create” the Kingdom of God based on the Truth in oneself is much more important for him than the attitude to the external world.

    Such a vital manifestation does not remain unrequited and in the moments of the highest reality of LIFE – Communion with God, a person learns the very Love of God and is born into eternity.

  4. The most general definition of philosophy is: philosophy is a science that studies the whole world. What does this mean, how should it be understood? Well, let's say in this way: all the knowledge gained from experience, from all the other sciences, is processed by <philosophy> in its own rationalistic (philosophical) way, which is only inherent in it, so to speak, into representations, into concepts, into knowledge about the world. Of course, this is what it does, but we would be corrected – this is not the whole philosophy.

    We understand, we are instructed: philosophy, first of all, has to do with wisdom, but, of course, not with the worldly wisdom that we usually have an idea of, but with a higher or more thorough one. To put it this way, the ancients put it something like this (they assume that these words belong to Plato): “Philosophizing is not about living in trouble, doing crafts, or striving for much knowledge, but about something else.”

    And then the question is, what is this wisdom, what is it characterized by, where should it be found?

    The ancient Greek philosopher Plato points out the existence of a “non-celestial realm” (being). There are the gods and the only supreme god (Zeus). He is the cause of our world. And it is precisely the philosophers (and not everyone else) who are closest to this field. And for this reason, philosophers in Ancient Greece began to be called divine, as the closest to the gods.

    So, according to these ancient Greek ideas, in the question of the origin and existence of the world, as sufficiently ordered and even in some sense perfect, there is some higher wisdom or knowledge. And they must have been possessed by these gods, or by the same supreme god.

    It should be noted that in those distant times, when thinking about life and the world, it was not difficult for a person with his often ordinary ideas about everything to offer an analogy to himself, where the supreme being is somewhat similar to man, but there is something more perfect than man, and therefore more powerful, more universal, more powerful… Or so, if man is a rational being, why should there not be an even more rational higher Being (standing above the world), in which what is worthy and human would not be even more perfect…

    So, as they imagined: the supreme god or demiurge (master), before creating this world, must have a thought (in the form of the same wisdom or knowledge) about it, what it should be. And then, therefore, thought was the first cause or main cause of the formation of this world. Consequently, this world must be created not according to its whim or arbitrariness, but according to some purpose, because it had to be exactly like this, and not different; before it (the world), so to speak, a certain task was set, it must perform given functions, etc. And it is clear that this thought again represented wisdom or knowledge, which was the cause of everything (the world).

    As we noted earlier, philosophy is knowledge about the world, and therefore the knowledge that preceded the appearance of this world is both the most complete and the most sufficient, and moreover the most philosophical, and, apparently, more than that, we (and philosophy) do not need. Since the world is viewed from this position from its cause, from the beginning…

    In such a case, why would this initial and universal knowledge (about the world) they would not become the ideal (complete, perfect, sufficient) ones that would serve both as the goal of philosophical knowledge and, finally, as philosophical knowledge. And then, of course, if philosophy is called to know the world, then it should have reached exactly this level and quality of knowledge about the world (“And since wisdom was defined as the science of first causes and what is most worthy of knowledge” – Aristotle).

    It is clear that this mental construction is proposed for a better understanding of all this, but for science and philosophy, of course, it is not very acceptable. Nevertheless, it is still able to help in some way in understanding dependencies, relationships, hierarchies, etc., and thus approach philosophical knowledge and philosophy in a scientific way, where the place of the gods and themselves is occupied by objective entities and their corresponding nature.

    Consequently, philosophical knowledge must also include knowledge about these entities and this nature. And in the sense that the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle understands it, clearly pointing out that “we then know an object when we know its cause”, and (already applied to our consideration) “he who knows something from higher causes knows it to a greater extent, because he knows from the preceding”.

    And by fully realizing this, apparently (according to our understanding…), philosophy (s) will be able to truly realize its scientific, i.e. philosophical, essence and truly become philosophy.

  5. My operational definition of philosophy is: Philosophy is a reflection of the nth order. Accordingly, first-order reflection is self-reflection, such as”I think”. There is nothing more brilliant than the Cartesian Cogito ergo sum in the entire 2700-year history of philosophy.

    Here it begins and ends (in the sense of moving as a superscience for supertasks to other sciences).

    • Philosophy is a way to know the world (when I say the world, I also mean what lives in it) by any means. For example: scientific method, various systems, hypotheses, etc.
    • Philosophy studies what you choose to think about, with its own rules and methods for learning it. If you want to find out what topic is at the stage of philosophizing, you can just look at Wikipedia or talk to philosophers about it.
  6. Translated literally, this is the love of wisdom. Philosophy is a free and universal field of human knowledge. This is a teaching (or rather, a set of teachings) about the general principles of knowledge, being, and relations between man and the world. Actually, the subject of study is absolutely everything that concerns the relationship between man and the world. It includes elements of science, religion, and art. And the main questions of philosophy are the meaning of being, the primacy of matter or consciousness, and the eternal search for the highest principle and absolute truth.

  7. A philosophical question, really 🙂

    Roughly speaking, everything that science does not study. In particular, what goes beyond the scope of science because of the failure of the scientific method in these matters. Subtle matters, human views, religion, work out hypotheses that in principle cannot be tested and look for unattainable Truth.

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